Abraham Lincoln Fact Sheet: Who was Abraham Lincoln? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Abraham Lincoln, the famous American President.
Abraham Lincoln Fact File: Lifespan: 1809 – 1864 *** Full Name: Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States *** Date of Birth (Birthday): He was born on February 12, 1809 *** Place of Birth: Abraham Lincoln was born in Hardin Country, Kentucky *** Family background: His father owned and leased farms *** Early life and childhood: Abraham Lincoln grew up and spent the majority of his life in Kentucky and Indiana *** Education: Abraham Lincoln received little formal education, he was largely self-educated *** Abraham Lincoln died on April 15, 1865 ***
Abraham Lincoln Fact 1: Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809 in Hardin Country, Kentucky. He was born in a log cabin, consisting of only one room, on the Sinking Spring Farm.
Abraham Lincoln Fact 2: Abraham Lincoln's birthplace is now a national historical park. John Russell Pope designed a memorial building at the Sinking Spring Farm site in honor of his life. A log cabin, similar to his birthplace, was placed inside the memorial building.
Abraham Lincoln Fact 3: His parents were called Thomas and Nancy Hanks Lincoln. His father was a farmer who bought or leased farms in Kentucky. The couple married on June 12, 1806 and went on to have three children called Sarah, Abraham and Thomas.
Abraham Lincoln Fact 4: His mother, Nancy, died on October 5, 1818 from milk sickness. His father remarried at the end of 1819 to Sarah Bush Johnston, also known as Sally. Abraham Lincoln had a close relationship with his stepmother who he called 'Mother'
Abraham Lincoln Fact 5: He received little formal schooling, however, he was very interested in learning and had a particular passion for reading. He read many books and was mainly self-taught. Some people considered him lazy as they struggled to comprehend why Abraham Lincoln would spend hours reading and writing instead of carrying out physical labor on his father's farms. Some of his favourite books as a child included Aesop's Fables, Robinson Crusoe and King James Bible.
Abraham Lincoln Fact 6: He was a strong young man, he was 6 feet 4 inches tall and athletic. He respected his father and handed him the wages he earned outside of home until he became 21 years of age which was a customary tradition during these times.
Abraham Lincoln Fact 7: He moved with his family to Macon County, Illinois in 1830 due to rising fear of an outbreak of milk sickness along the Ohio River. Over time, his relationship with his father became more distant.
Abraham Lincoln Fact 8: He left Macon County in 1831 and moved to Coles County. It's important to point out that Illinois was a non-slaveholding state. Slavery was an issue that later impacted Abraham Lincoln greatly. He was hired to take goods by flatboat by a Salem merchant. He was to transport the goods from New Salem to New Orleans passing via the Sangamon and Mississippi Rivers. When he arrived in New Orleans, he witnessed slavery.
Abraham Lincoln Fact 9: He spent the following 6 years back in New Salem where he began a relationship with Ann Rutledge. Sadly, she passed away in 1835. He began another relationship with a lady called Mary Owens. The relationship became serious but the couple never married. They parted ways in August 1837.
Abraham Lincoln Fact 10: He married Mary Todd on November 4, 1842. The couple had dated on and off since December 1839. They were originally supposed to marry in 1841, however, the wedding was called off and the couple separated for a short time. Mary Todd came from a rich family who owned slaves. Many of her relatives were either slave holders or traders.
Abraham Lincoln Fact 11: Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln had four children called Robert, Edward Baker, Willie and Thomas. Three of their sons died, leaving only Robert to live to adulthood and continue the family name. The last descendant of Abraham Lincoln was Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith, his great-grandson who passed away in 1985.
Abraham Lincoln Fact 12: The deaths of Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln's sons effected the couple greatly. Abraham was a loving father and husband. He suffered from bouts of depression.
Abraham Lincoln Fact 13: His political career began in March 1832 when he campaigned for the Illinois General Assembly. Although he lost, he remained popular with the locals. He continued his campaign after the Black Hawk War, during which he served as captain in the Illinois Militia.
Abraham Lincoln Fact 14: During his first speech, he witnessed an attack on a supporter in the crowd. Abraham Lincoln was a strong, tall man who wasn't easily intimidated. He grabbed the attacker by his neck and trousers and threw him. The campaign consisted of 13 candidates running for election. Abraham Lincoln finished in eighth place.
Abraham Lincoln Fact 15: He wanted to become a lawyer, he studied hard on his own and read many books. He worked as a postmaster for New Salem before becoming county surveyor. He won his second campaign in 1834 and served 4 terms in the Illinois House of Representatives as a Whig representative from Sangamon Countywas. He was granted permission to practice law (admitted to the bar) in 1836. He became a great lawyer with a solid reputation.
Abraham Lincoln Fact 16: He strongly opposed slavery and supported the expansion of suffrage to white men. The following quote was made by Abraham Lincoln in 1837, 'The Institution of slavery is founded on both injustice and bad policy, but the promulgation of abolition doctrines tends rather to increase than abate its evils.'
Abraham Lincoln Fact 17: He became the 16th President of the United States in 1860. His supporters came from the North and West, he didn't receive any support from the slave states in the South. Before he moved to the White House, seven southern slave states were prompted to form the Confederate States of America.
Abraham Lincoln Fact 18: He led the United States through its bloodiest war, the Civil War; a political crisis which led to the abolishment of slavery. During the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln delivered one of the most well known and influential speeches in the history of America on November 19, 1863 in Pennsylvania. The speech is known as the Gettysburg Address and it defined the American Civil War, focusing on human equality and freedom.
Abraham Lincoln Fact 19: He issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863. The Emancipation Proclamation brought freedom to over 3 million enslaved persons in ten Southern States. Their legal status instantly changed from slave to free.
Abraham Lincoln Fact 20: He was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth, an actor and Confederate spy, on April 14, 1865 at 10.13pm. He received a gunshot to the back of his head which didn't kill him instantly. He slipped into a coma for 9 hours and died on April 15, 1865 at 7.22 am. He was 56 years of age when he died. His body was transported in the Lincoln Special funeral train from Washington D.C. to Springfield, Illinois. The executive coach was decorated in black bunting. During the journey, it stopped at various cities where thousands of people gathered to attend memorial services. He was laid to rest at Oak Ridge Cemetery in Springfield, Illinois in the United States of America.
Influence & Legacy: Abraham Lincoln was very important because he was responsible for ending slavery in 10 Southern States of America when he issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, changing the legal status of over 3 million enslaved people to 'free'. He was the 16th President of America and one of the most influential men in the history.