Admiral Lord Nelson
Facts about Admiral Lord Nelson
His personal life was a complicated one but he had great love for his family.
Ultimately he did his duty for God, King and Country and sacrificed his life at end for the ultimate prize that he was unable to relish in his victory but he died in the knowledge that at least for the foreseeable future his country and hence his family and friends could sleep peacefully in their beds at night and not worry that the French would mount any attack.
Admiral Lord Nelson Fact Sheet: Who was Horatio Nelson? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Horatio Nelson.
Admiral Lord Nelson Fact File: Lifespan: 1758 – 1805 *** Full Name: Horatio Nelson *** Occupation: A British Flag Officer in the Royal Navy *** Date of Birth: Horatio Nelson was born on September 29th 1758 *** Place of Birth: Horatio Nelson was born in a rectory in Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk in England *** Family background: His father was Reverend Edmund Nelson and his mother was Catherine Suckling. On his paternal side, he was related to 1st Earl of Orford, Robert Walpole who became the first de facto Prime Minister of Great Britain *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with seven siblings. His mother died when he was just nine years of age leaving his father to care for, look after and educate all of his children *** Education: Horatio Nelson went to the Paston Grammar School in North Walsham and thereafter attended King Edward VI’s Grammar School in Norwich ***
Admiral Lord Nelson Fact 1: Horatio Nelson was born on September 29th 1758 and during the 18th century period in history when the French Revolution took place, the Ottoman Empire went in a decline and Great Britain became a major power around the globe.
Admiral Lord Nelson Fact 9: In August of 1781 he was given orders to take command of the HMS Albermarle and to proceed to intercept the Russia Company convoy at Elsinore and accompany them to England.
Admiral Lord Nelson Fact 17: He recovered from his injury and began badgering the Admiralty for another command. Napoleon was causing concern for the British and was gathering forces in the South of France. Nelson, aboard the HMS Vanguard was sent to Cádiz.
Admiral Lord Nelson Fact 20: The French fleet were indeed in Alexandria when Nelson arrived this time and without hesitation the British fleet split up and began to attack the French from two fronts. The battle was won by the British, although another injury was sustained by Nelson, a head injury which he first thought to be fatal turned out not to be. Unfortunately, Napoleon escaped undetected but a solid victory for Nelson was secured.
Admiral Lord Nelson Fact 21: Nelson returned to Naples where he was treated with the utmost respect. Eventually he made the return journey home, but not as the same man that left. In the interim he had begun an affair with Lady Hamilton and by the time he reached England his wife Fanny was aware of the relationship and gave Nelson an ultimatum. The couple never lived together again.
Admiral Lord Nelson Fact 22: In 1803 war broke out and Nelson made his preparations to return to sea. He was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Fleet and given command of HMS Victory as his flagship. By July he was in Toulon and the following year was promoted to Vice Admiral of the White.
Admiral Lord Nelson Fact 23: While on leave in England news was brought to Nelson that the French and Spanish had joined forces and were at anchor currently in Cádiz. Nelson made haste for London in order to receive his orders before returning home and making haste for Portsmouth and on to Cádiz.
Admiral Lord Nelson Fact 24: Once he reached Cádiz he immediately began to plan together with his captains their attack. Unlike the French and Spanish Nelson decided to divide his forces up into squadrons rather than a traditional line of battle which his plan relied on the enemy doing.
Admiral Lord Nelson Fact 25: As the battle go under way, several appeals for Nelson’s safety were made and ignored by him. He chose to stay on Victory and not change his coat to make himself less of a target for sharpshooters. Thus it was in the thick of the fighting having been side by side giving orders Captain Hardy on board the Victory with Nelson turned to see Nelson kneeling on the deck before he keeled over. Immediately transported below decks to William Beatty, the surgeon he said “You can do nothing for me. I have but a short time to live. My back is shot through.” He was made as comfortable as was possible. He gave instructions for word to be got to Lady Hamilton and his daughter and family to be taken care of. His last words over his last few hours were “Thank God I have done my duty.” The chaplain Alexander Scott was by his side in his final moments, with his eyes closed his pulse weak, his very last words were “God and my country” before Horatio Nelson died on October 21st 1805 at the Battle of Trafalgar, Spain.
Admiral Lord Nelson Fact 26: Directly after his death his body was placed in a cask of brandy mixed in with myffh and camphor. When the Victory reached Gibraltar having been towed there, his body was transferred to a lead-lined coffin and filled with spirits of wine before being transported back to England where his was finally laid to rest in St Paul’s Cathedral.
List of Battles and Awards given to Horatio Nelson: *** American War of Independence - Battle of Fort San Juan *** Battle of Grand Turk *** War of the First Coalition *** Siege of Calvi (WIA) *** Battle of Genoa *** Battle of Hyères Islands *** Battle of Cape St Vincent *** Attack on Cádiz Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife (WIA) *** Battle of the Nile*** War of the Second Coalition - Siege of Malta *** Battle of Copenhagen *** Raid on Boulogne *** War of the Third Coalition - Battle of Trafalgar (DOW) *** Awards - Knight of the Order of the Bath ***
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