Alexander Graham Bell Fact File: Lifespan: 1847 - 1922 *** Full Name: Alexander Graham Bell *** Occupation: Scottish born Scientist, Inventor, Engineer and Innovator *** Date of Birth: He was born on March 3rd 1847 *** Place of Birth: He was born in Edinburgh, Scotland *** Family background: His father was Professor Alexander Melville Bell and mother was Eliza Grace Symonds. His father taught elocution to the deaf and his mother had started to go deaf when he was twelve years old. He had an older brother Melville and a young brother Edward *** Early life and childhood: He grew up in Edinburgh *** Education: He began his education at home taught by his father and when he was eleven years of age attended the Royal High School in Edinburgh.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 1: He was born during the 19th century a time of great innovations in science, medicine and industry.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 2: His first invention was a simple homemade device for dehusking wheat, a machine that would be used for several years.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 3: He was deeply saddened when his mother began losing her hearing when he was just twelve years old and he learned a technique using his fingers to speak to his mother and would sit by her side and relay the conversations in the family parlor.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 4: He later formed another technique of speaking in modulated, clear tones directed at his motherís forehead and whereby she was able to understand him with a measure of clearness.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 5: He and his father were not the only members of his family to study and teach elocution, his uncle in Dublin and his grandfather in London also worked in this area.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 6: He spent a year with his grandfather, also Alexander Bell, in London when he completed his schooling at the University Edinburgh and proved an exceptional student.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 7: His family moved to London in 1865 and after the tragic deaths of both of his brothers from tuberculosis it was decided they were going to move to Canada for health reasons.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 8: He arrived in Canada, with his family, in 1870. They travelled from Quebec City to Montreal and on to Paris, Ontario.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 9: His health improved drastically in the Canadian climate and he was able to start work again. Converting the carriage house in the family property into a workshop he continued his study of the human voice.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 10: The body of his work centered on sound and electricity.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 11: He set up his own practice eventually in Boston, School of Vocal Physiology and Mechanics of Speech, with his fatherís assistance and continued his experiments.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 12: He most famous student would be Helen Keller who as a child was unable to speak, hear or see.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 13: In 1873 he became professor of Vocal Physiology and Elocution at Boston University School of Oratory.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 14: His work commitments often got in the way of his time to conduct experiments, he would work too often in the night, secrecy also being key and he didnít want anyone else stealing his work in a city full of scientist and inventors at that time. His health began to suffer as a consequence of his long hours of work.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 15: He gave up his practice in 1873 resolving to continue with his experiments instead.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 16: In 1873 he began to collaborate with Gardiner Hubbard and Thomas Sanders. With their assistance and financial support he was able to take his work further. He also employed Thomas Watson as an assistant.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 17: During one of the sessions Watson inadvertently plucked on one of the reeds and on the other end Bell heard the tone. This confirmed what he had always known that it would be possible to transmit speech.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 18: He immediately drew up his patent which was filed on February 14th 1876.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 19: By February 17th he had his telephone working, speaking to Watson the words that would become famous ďMr Watson Ė come here Ė I want to see youĒ.
Alexander Graham Bell Fact 20: Over the ensuing years he continued to develop further ideas including the metal detector some years later.
Influence & Legacy: In our modern society it is easy to see how far Bellís invention has come. Not only did further advancement in telephony mean being able to speak to people a few miles away, but across countries as well as across oceans. He was the recipient of many major awards, tributes and medals. One such award was the erection of the Bell Telephone Memorial erected in the Alexander Graham Bell Gardens in Brantford, Ontario.
Important Events of the 19th century and during the life of Alexander Graham Bell include: The Battle of Waterloo, the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, the Battle of Little Bighorn and