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Benito Mussolini

Benito Mussolini

Facts about Benito Mussolini

Biography Summary: Benito Mussolini (1883 - 1945) was famous for being a fascist dictator.

He would create and become the leader of the National Fascist Party. He ousted the sitting Prime Minister and effectively took over the ruling of Italy as a dictator.

Although economically the nation flourished, nevertheless it was his extreme views that would see his dictatorship fail.

He was ousted from government by the King and incarcerated until he was rescued and taken to Germany.

Eventually he attempted to reach Switzerland, only to be captured and executed.

His body initially buried in an unmarked grave his remains were stolen and it would take twelve years before his wife was informed they had been located and he was finally laid to rest.

Benito Mussolini Fact Sheet: Who was Benito Mussolini? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Benito Mussolini.

Benito Mussolini Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1883 -1945 *** Full Name: Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini *** Nickname: Il Duce *** Occupation: Italian Politian and leader of the National Fascist Party and Prime Minister of Italy *** Date of Birth: Benito Mussolini was born on July 29th 1883 *** Place of Birth: Benito Mussolini was born in Dovia di Predappio in the province of Forli in Romagna, Kingdom of Italy *** Family background: His father was Alessandro Mussolini a blacksmith and socialist and his mother was Rosa Maltoni a devout Catholic schoolteacher *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with two younger siblings and often helped his father in his smithy *** Education: Benito Mussolini attending a boarding school run by Salesian monks and he would eventually qualify as an elementary schoolmaster himself ***

Benito Mussolini Fact 1: Benito Mussolini was born on July 29th 1883 and during the late 19th century period in history when many empires across the globe collapsed, the Spanish, first and second French, Holy Roman, Mughal and Chinese but the British and Russian Empires, the United States and German Empire where on the rise.

Benito Mussolini Fact 2: When he was nineteen he emigrated to Switzerland to avoid national service.

Benito Mussolini Fact 3: While he was in Switzerland he found work as a stonemason but the job was only temporary.

Benito Mussolini Fact 4: He also joined the Italian socialist movement while he was in Switzerland.

Benito Mussolini Fact 5: Having been arrested in Switzerland he was deported back to Italy but returned to Switzerland, he did return to Italy during an amnesty for deserters where he had been convicted in absentia for desertion, the condition for the pardon was two years to be served in the military.

Benito Mussolini Fact 6: By 1911 he had become one of Italyís most noticeable socialist.

Benito Mussolini Fact 7: When World War I broke out several socialist parties agreed with the conflict until anti-militarist protesters were killed which resulted in a strike named Red Week.

Benito Mussolini Fact 8: By 1917 he had been kicked out of the Socialist Party for supporting Italian intervention and he made a drastic decision to support revolutionary nationalism instead.

Benito Mussolini Fact 9: By the time he had returned from the war he was convinced socialism was a failure and proceeding to become the creator of fascism by turning the Milan fascio into the Fasci Italiani di Combattimento.

Benito Mussolini Fact 10: He came to believe that as Italy was the heir to the Roman Empire, the bigger the population the stronger the power of the nation and so he encouraged Italian women to produce more babies to make Italy a more powerful country to be able to go out and conquer other countries.

Benito Mussolini Fact 11: He would eventually oust Prime Minister Liugi Facta and become Prime Minister himself in 1922 and was given full power by King Victor Emmanuel III. What the King had not foreseen was the peril of a totalitarian progression.

Benito Mussolini Fact 12: In 1923 the government introduced the Acerbo Law which effectively made Italy a single nation constituency and also gave a two thirds majority of seats to Parliament to the group or party the held at least a quarter of the overall votes.

Benito Mussolini Fact 13: During 1925 and 1927 he took apart all constitutional and conventional restraints on his power and created a police state.

Benito Mussolini Fact 14: 1926 saw his first failed assassination attempt made by Violet Gibson, the daughter of Lord Ashbourne, she was deported. The next attempt came later that same year by a fifteen year old boy who was hanged on the spot and there were more.

Benito Mussolini Fact 15: His ultimate dream was to rebuild the Roman Empire but not all aspects of his plan were plausible. Germany was in too week a state to begin with. However he did see Italy as a having the upper hand and that by siding with one party or another Italy would add the deciding factor.

Benito Mussolini Fact 16: He became convinced during the latter part of the 1930ís that France and England were of no consequence and that Italy and Germany would ultimately rule over Europe based purely on his ideal of demographic strength.

Benito Mussolini Fact 17: As he saw the situation Germany was a far stronger country to align with than France or England but he would not commit Italy to back Germany because at that point his own military strength was non-existent and it was an area he needed to build on.

Benito Mussolini Fact 18: After World War II began Mussolini declared war on France and Britain siding with Germany and allied themselves with Germany at the Battle of France.

Benito Mussolini Fact 19: Having suffered so serious set-backs in North Africa and Greece, Mussolini needed a victory and so he offered Hitler assistance on the Eastern Front against the Soviet Union. However the Italian themselves felt this was not their battle and losses were very high. This situation did severe damaged to Mussolini's credibility.

Benito Mussolini Fact 20: As the situation outside of Italy became desperate so was the situation within her boarders. The Allied invasion of Sicily saw the war arrive on the doorstep of Italy but as the truth of Mussoliniís war became ever more apparent the allies were seen as liberators and not invaders. Italyís factories, running short or raw materials, were ceasing production and Mussolini's propaganda mechanism was falling apart as more and more Italian nationals were listing to either Radio London or the Vatican Radio and realizing what they were being told was untrue.

Benito Mussolini Fact 21: By 1943 Mussolini was seeing his government splinter as the Allies were pushing ever closer to the Italian peninsula and Hitler would not aid him. His army was on the verge of breakdown and several of his very prominent government ministers were losing faith in him. To top all of these events the Allies bombed Rome.

Benito Mussolini Fact 22: Dino Grandi was one such leading politician and at this point request that the King assume his full constitutional powers in a vote of no confidence in Mussolini. He in turn felt the Grand Council of Fascism was only there for advice and did not really feel they had the power to overrule him but in fact they could and they did.

Benito Mussolini Fact 23: He was summoned to the royal palace, unbeknownst to him, the King had already been devising a plan to have him removed, he was informed of his removal and as he left the palace he was placed under arrest.

Benito Mussolini Fact 24: At this point for the next few days of his arrest although it had become public knowledge until Italy could make arrangements with the Allies the Naziís were left to believe even the new regime were on their side.

Benito Mussolini Fact 25: Mussolini was rescued and taken to Hitler but by then had no fight left in him, so weary and battle worn. The reinstated government headed south for safeties sake and so out maneuvered Hitlerís plan of restoring Mussolini to power.

Benito Mussolini Fact 26: Living in Gargnano on Lake Garda by 1945 Mussolini was no more than a puppet ruler and was very aware of his situation. Much of his time was spent writing his memoirs. While attempting to relocate to Switzerland, Mussolini and his mistress were halted by communist partisans and held overnight.

Benito Mussolini Fact 27: The following day April 28th 1945 Mussolini, his mistress Clara Petacci and other members of their party made up of officials and minister were shot in the village of Guilino di Mezzegra.

Influence & Legacy:
Although early on in his leadership areas like the economy of Italy were lifted by his introduction of a transportation system coving water air and land meant goods were easily transported which help lift the economy. Economically he could rarely be faulted in his actions but eventually his lust for power and indeed dominance over other nations would be his ruination.

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