Captain James Cook Fact Sheet: Who was Captain James Cook? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Captain James Cook, the famous English explorer.
Captain James Cook Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1728 – 1779 *** Full Name: Captain James Cook *** Date of Birth (Birthday): He was born on October 27, 1728 *** Place of Birth: Captain James Cook was born in Marton, Yorkshire, England *** Family background: His father was a farmer called James Cook *** Early life and childhood: Captain James Cook grew up and spent the majority of his life in Yorkshire, England *** Education: Captain James Cook began his education at a local school in Great Ayton, Yorkshire *** Captain James Cook was killed on February 14, 1779 ***
Captain James Cook Fact 1: Captain James Cook was born in Marton, Yorkshire, England on October 27, 1728.
Captain James Cook Fact 2: He was a famous English explorer and navigator who made very important discoveries during sea voyages to North America and the Pacific Ocean. He became the first European on record to visit the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first to circumnavigate New Zealand.
Captain James Cook Fact 3: He was the second eldest of his seven brothers and sisters. His father worked on a farm and his name was also James Cook. His mother's name was Grace Pace.
Captain James Cook Fact 4: His father began working for Thomas Skottowe in 1736 on his farm in Great Ayton, North Yorkshire. Thomas Skottowe paid for James Cook's education at a local school which he attended for five years.
Captain James Cook Fact 10: During his Royal Navy career, it became clear that Captain James Cook had a strong talent for surveying and cartography. During the 1760s, whilst aboard HMS Grenville, he mapped the coastline of Newfoundland.
Captain James Cook Fact 11: He produced the first large scale maps of the coastline of Newfoundland. The maps proved accurate and gave precise triangulation to obtain land outlines. His maps were used by sailors for 200 years, into the 20th century!.
Captain James Cook Fact 16: During his first voyage to the Pacific Ocean, he witnessed indigenous Australians, he met an aboriginal tribe called Gweagel, he discovered Botany Bay (now known as the Kurnell Peninsual), he encountered the Great Barrier Reef, he landed on Possession Island and claimed it as British territory.
Captain James Cook Fact 17: His second scientific expedition to the Pacific Ocean took place from 1772 to 1775 aboard HMS Resolution. He led the voyage in hope of finding the hypothetical Terra Australis which was believed to lie south of the area he'd navigated during his first voyage.
Captain James Cook Fact 18: His third voyage took place from 1776 to 1779 aboard HMS Discovery in an attempt to find the Northwest Passage; a sea route linking the northern Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. He wasn't successful in sighting the Northwest Passage but he made many other discoveries. It was during this voyage that he became the first European to make contact with the Hawaiian Islands.
Captain James Cook Fact 19: The foremast on the HMS Resolution broke, meaning that Captain James Cook and his crew had to stay in Kealakekua Bay whist the ship was repaired. They ran into trouble with the Hawaiians and Captain James Cook died on February 14, 1779 when he was stabbed to death following an attempt to kidnap he King of Hawaiʻi, Kalaniʻōpuʻu.
Captain James Cook Fact 20: Captain Cook's Cottage, as it is now known, belonged to James Cook's parents. It was located in Great Ayton, North Yorkshire. It was purchased by an Australian man called Russell Grimwade in 1933. The cottage was deconstructed and shipped to Australia where it was reconstructed in the Fitzroy Gardens in Melbourne, Australia.
Short Facts about Captain James Cook for Kids:
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