Christopher Columbus Fact Sheet: Who was Christopher Columbus? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Christopher Columbus.
Christopher Columbus Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1451 - 1506 *** Full Name: Christophorus or Cristoforo Columbus *** Occupation: Italian Explorer and Navigator, Colonizer and Citizen of the Republic of Genoa *** Date of Birth: Christopher Columbus was born before October 31st 1451 *** Place of Birth: Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Republic of Genoa *** Family background: His father was Domenico Colombo a wool weaver of middle class and his mother was Susanna Fontanarossa *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with his brothers Bartolomeo, Giovanni and Giacomo as well as a sister Bianchinetta *** Education: Christopher Columbus may have received a small amount of an education in order for him to have become a navigator ***
Christopher Columbus Fact 1:
Christopher Columbus was born before
October 31st 1451 and during the
15th century period in history when
described as the late middle ages to
early Renaissance and early modern
Christopher Columbus Fact 3: In 1470 he is believed to have been aboard a ship in the service of Rene of Anjou in a bid to conquer the Kingdom of Naples.
Christopher Columbus Fact 4:
During 1473 he would begin his
apprenticeship as an agent of
business for the eminent Centurione
Di Negro and the Spinola families.
Christopher Columbus Fact 10:
In 1485 he settled in Castile having
left Portugal and began a
relationship with a twenty year old
girl called Beatriz Enriquez de
Arana. It is not clear whether he
left his wife or whether she died in
Christopher Columbus Fact 14:
It was his dream to succeed from
these voyages and to elevate his
standing in society.
Christopher Columbus Fact 16:
His crew were becoming anxious that
land had not been sighted and that
supplies were getting low for a
return home. Landfall was soon
sighted, this would be one of the
Caribbean islands, they did not stop
long as Columbus wanted to press on.
Christopher Columbus Fact 18: They did however find Haiti and Columbus renamed it La Isla Espanola. Although he did not specifically locate the destination he had hoped for, what he did find was enough gold to save himself from ridicule upon his return home.
Christopher Columbus Fact 19: With the assistance of the local chief, Guacanagari, a stockade was put up and thirty nine men chosen to stay behind and guard the area he called La Navidad, until he returned. The return journey was fraught with difficulties but Columbus eventually made his return and such were his riches that he was permitted another voyage and this time headed up seventeen vessels.
Christopher Columbus Fact 20: Once returned to La Navidad he was shocked to find his men murdered and his stockade devastated. With more men and equipment further fortifications were erected and a small city founded called La Isabela, after their Queen. The land was explored and many riches were found.
Christopher Columbus Fact 21: Having taken his two brothers, Diego and Bartholomeo with him, when he made his return trip home he left his brothers in charge of the settlement.
Christopher Columbus Fact 22: Many had not agreed with the way the Columbus brothers ruled, or Columbus himself, when he returned.
Christopher Columbus Fact 23: Francisco de Bodadilla, the Spanish Chief Justice made the journey to la Navidad and found against the Columbus brothers, clapping them all in chains he had them transported directly back to Cádiz.
Christopher Columbus Fact 24: During the voyage Columbus was allowed to write a letter to his sovereigns and a letter of such humility and mystical quality had never been written before. He managed to express his feelings and findings in such a way as to persuade his sovereigns that his intentions had all been good and even though he had not quite found the prize he had sought he had come, thanks be to God, very close.
Christopher Columbus Fact 25: He was forgiven his trespasses largely on the back of his remarkable navigational skills and he was given permission to mount a fourth expedition.
Christopher Columbus Fact 26: By this time Columbus was quite ill and under the circumstances he was forbidden to return to Hispaniola and instead sent to explore the other world to the South.
Christopher Columbus Fact 27: Having ignored his orders he headed for Hispaniola and was refused entry and finally moved on. With poor weather in June of 1503 Columbus and his crew would find themselves castaways on the coast of Jamaica.
Christopher Columbus Fact 28: Eventually the castaways were rescued and returned home. Columbus reputation was by far not a very good one, but he still maintained he had found the legendary Cathay.
Christopher Columbus Fact 29:
Christopher Columbus died on May
20th 1506 aged fifty four in his
home in Valladolid in Spain. His
body was originally buried in
Valladolid, but after two more
resting places, he was finally laid
to rest in the Cathedral of Seville
|Facts About Index|