David Lloyd George Fact File: Lifespan: 1863 - 1945 *** Full Name: David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor *** Occupation: Lawyer and Politician *** Date of Birth: He was born on January 17th 1863 *** Place of Birth: He was born in Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester, England *** Family background: His father was William George a teacher and his mother Elizabeth Lloyd. Shortly after David was born his father became ill, he died the following year. His mother took him to live with her brother Richard Lloyd, a shoemaker and minister and of good standing in his small community *** Early life and childhood: He grew up in Llanystumdwy, Caernarfonshire *** Education: He began his education at the local Anglican school Llanystumdwy National School and he would have tutors after that ***
David Lloyd George Fact 1: He was born during the 19th century, a time of huge change in politics, industry, science and innovation.
David Lloyd George Fact 2: Having lost his father before he could even remember him, Richard Lloyd came to mean an awful lot to his nephew, who admired him, trusted him and encouraged him towards a career in law and politics.
David Lloyd George Fact 3: He would even change his name from David George to David Lloyd George in honor of his uncle.
David Lloyd George Fact 4: He became an article clerk for Porthmadog solicitors and having passed his final law examination with Honors in 1884.
David Lloyd George Fact 5: By 1885 he set up his own practice in his uncles back parlor and the business succeeded so well, he set up practices in neighboring towns.
David Lloyd George Fact 6: At this point he was actively involved in the political arena campaigning for the Liberal Party
David Lloyd George Fact 7: By 1889 he would become Alderman with the Carnarvonshire County Council.
David Lloyd George Fact 8: In April of 1890 he had been elected as the Liberal MP for Carnavon Boroughs although his still maintained his career as a solicitor as backbench MPís of this ere were not paid and he had a family to support.
David Lloyd George Fact 9: He opened a branch of his firm in London called Lloyd George & Co and remained in partnership with his brother William.
David Lloyd George Fact 10: He would strongly oppose the Second Boar War on the grounds that apart from the money spent on the war could have gone towards more social causes but also because Chamberlainís family business in ammunition had contracts with the War Office.
David Lloyd George Fact 11: By 1906 he had become a member of the Liberal Cabinet of Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman as President of the Board of Trade and even successfully brokered an agreement to halt a national strike by the railway unions. This would be the first of many triumphant accomplishments.
David Lloyd George Fact 12: After the death of Campbell-Bannerman and Asquith taking over as Prime Minster, he would become Chancellor of the Exchequer between 1908 and 1915.
David Lloyd George Fact 13: Even though Asquith had introduced old age pensions, he wanted to bring in state financial support for those who were sick or infirm. It was in his budget of 1909 that he introduced taxes on items such as liquor and tobacco, luxury items, land and high incomes for his welfare programs as well as for new battleships.
David Lloyd George Fact 14: He would ultimately become partially responsible for the Parliament Act 1911 which passed and vetoed the powers of the House of Lords.
David Lloyd George Fact 15: He supported entry into World War I and would be made Minister of Munitions during the Shell Crisis of 1915 and the following year he would become Secretary of State for War.
David Lloyd George Fact 16: By 1916, after the fall of Herbert Asquith, with the backing of the Labor and Conservative leaders, he would become Prime Minister, the first to have Welsh as his mother tong and the only Prime Minster to be a solicitor.
David Lloyd George Fact 17: At wars end he would be the chief delegate for Britain attending the Paris Peace Conference that would draft the Versailles Treaty.
David Lloyd George Fact 18: In 1924 he would become the Liberal Leader.
David Lloyd George Fact 19: By 1922, after a brief scandal, he stepped down as Prime Minister but remained an MP and in 1930 would be asked to visit with Adolf Hitler in the hopes of dissuading him from his plans to take over Europe.
David Lloyd George Fact 20: By 1940 he was actively speaking in favor of Winston Churchill to undermine Chamberlain for Prime Minister.
David Lloyd George Fact 21: It would finally be ill heath that would drive him from London and politics back to his home in Wales. In 1945 on New Yearís Day he was raised to the peerage of Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor and Viscount Gwynedd of Dwyfor in the County of Caernarvonshire.
David Lloyd George Fact 22: He would never actually make the trip to London to sit in the House of Lords, he died on March 26th 1954 of cancer and his body laid to rest beside the river Dwyfor in Llanystumdwy.
Influence & Legacy: Apart from his influence during the Paris Peace Conference, he was also responsible for introduction of National Insurance and the partitioning of Ireland.