Ferdinand Magellan Fact Sheet: Who was Ferdinand Magellan? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Ferdinand Magellan.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1480 - 1521 *** Full Name: Ferdinand Magellan *** Occupation: Portuguese Explorer *** Date of Birth: Ferdinand Magellan was born in 1480 approximately *** Place of Birth: Ferdinand Magellan was born in Sabrosa, Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal *** Family background: His father was Rodrigo de Mahalhaes and his mother was Alda de Mesquita *** Early life and childhood: He grew up after his parents died as a page to Queen Leonora in the Portuguese Royal court out of respect for his family heritage *** Education: Ferdinand Magellan would have received some form of education ***
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 1: Ferdinand Magellan was born in 1480 the exact date is unknown and during the 15th century period in history when which is described as the late middle ages to early Renaissance and early modern period.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 2: When he was twenty five in 1505 he enlisted with a fleet of twenty two ships which were being sent to D Francisco de Almeida who was the first viceroy of Portuguese India.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 3: He remained there for eight years and took part in various battles including the Battle of Cannonore during 1506 where he received a wound and also in the Battle of Diu.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 4: Following that he sailed under Diogo Lopes de Sequeira together with his cousin Francisco Serrao which was the first Portuguese embassy to Malacca.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 5: Magellan played a critical part in this landing as it was his mission to save Francisco Serrao and for his part in this conspiracy he was honored and promoted.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 6: Having taken leave without permission Magellan fell out of favor. Having served in Morocco where he received a wound that would leave him with a permanent limp he would be falsely accused illegal trading the Moors which damaged his reputation.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 7: He decided to try his fate in Spain where he made firm friends with Diogo Barbosa.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 8: He married Barbosaís daughter and together they had two children, Rodrigo and Carlos, although both sons died at young ages and his wife also died in 1521 in Seville.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 9: By this time Spain was urgently trying to establish new trade routes to Asia.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 10: With Vasco Nunez de Balboa discovering the Pacific Ocean and Juan Diaz de Solis exploring South America Magellan needed to find a new way.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 11: Together with Rui Faleiro, the two presented their case to the King of Spain, Charles I, future Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. The King accepted their plan and gave his permission.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 12: With the fleet of ships supplied by the King, the flagship Trinidad, San Antonio, Conception, Santiago and Victoria together with a crew of two hundred and seventy men, once supplied set sail on August 10th 1519.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 13: Their first port of call was the Canary Islands followed by Cape St Augustine in Brazil and the fleet crossed the equator and on the December 6th South America was sighted.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 14: Shortly thereafter they re-supplied in Rio de Janeiro before reaching Rio de la Plata in February of 1520. Later that year in October they reached Cape Virgenes and they came upon waters of brine and began a dangerous trip through a long passage that would become known as the Strait of Magellan.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 15: After one ship was wrecked and another returned to Spain, the remaining three ships continued. By late November the three ships entered the South Pacific and Magellan and his fleet would be the first Europeans to reach Tierra del Fuego.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 16: From there they navigated northwest and reached the equator on February 13th 1521.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 17: By early March they had reached the Marianas and Guam.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 18: Moving on they then made the island of Homonhon located in the Philippines and again they were the first Europeans to land there. Together with his trusted Malay servant Enrique, who had been with Magellan for many years and who acted as an interpreter they were able to communicate with the indigenous peoples. After trading they carried on their journey to Cebu.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 19: Having been welcome by Rajah Humabon and his Queen Hara Amihan, both agreeable to being baptized as Christians convinced Magellan to slay their enemy Datu Lapu-Lapu who was on Mactan. Magellan was keen to convert Lapu-Lapu as well and so he set out for Mactan with a small force.
Ferdinand Magellan Fact 20: However, the best laid plans do not always play out and such was this instance. Lapu-Lapu and his troops attacked Magellan and his small force and during the battle Magellan received a wound by a bamboo spear. They were later surrounded and killed.
Influence & Legacy of Ferdinand Magellan: Written accounts of Magellanís explorations were made by others even the facts relating to his death.