George Orwell Fact Sheet: Who was George Orwell? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of George Orwell.
George Orwell Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1903 - 1950 *** Full Name: Eric Arthur Blair *** Nickname: He wrote under the pen name of George Orwell *** Occupation: British Novelist, Essayist, Critic and Journalist *** Date of Birth: George Orwell was born on June 25th 1903 *** Place of Birth: George Orwell was born in Motihari, Bengal Presidency in British India *** Family background: His father was Richard Walmesley Blair and he worked in the Indian Civil Service in the Opium Department and his mother was Ida Mabel Limouzin *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with two sister, Marjorie was five years older and Avril was five years younger. When he was a year old his mother took Marjorie and himself back to England where the family settled in Henley-on-Thames and where she would have Avril several years later. The family moved again shortly before World War I broke out to Shiplake *** Education: George Orwell attended a convent school in Henley and he later attended St Cyprian’s School in Eastbourne ***
George Orwell Fact 1: George Orwell was born on June 25th 1903 and during the 20th century period in history when there was much change across Europe and the world, the first and second French, Spanish, Chinese and Holy Roman Empires all collapsed and Europe would see two World Wars.
George Orwell Fact 2: Once his formal education was complete he was matriculated into Eton as a King’s Scholar.
George Orwell Fact 7: In 1924 he would receive a further promotion to Assistant District Superintendent and assigned to Syriam near to Rangoon and in proximity to the Burmah Oil Company.
George Orwell Fact 9: While recovering in Cornwall with his family on their annual holiday he decided not to return to Burma and resigned. He had decided to stay in England and become a writer but would heavily rely on his experiences in Burma in several of his works, short essays A Hanging (1931) and Shooting an Elephant (1936) and his novel Burmese Days (1934).
George Orwell Fact 10: Having been very aware of the poverty endemic in Burma, when he moved to London he again was struck by the poverty he saw when he took the time to actually look around, in particular the East End of London.
George Orwell Fact 16: However in 1932 “A Scullion’s Diary” was published for a £40 advance by Victor Gollancz Ltd. He also had success in getting his book “Down and Out in Paris and London” published but decided because of his time living as a tramp he would use a pen name to save his family any embarrassment and decided on George Orwell.
George Orwell Fact 17: He continued to teach until his aunt in London had acquired him a position to work in book store for friends of hers. He moved to London where he carried on writing pieces for the Adelphi as well as getting his novels “A Clergyman’s Daughter” and “Burmese Days” ready for their publications.
George Orwell Fact 18: 1935 proved a very eventful year for Orwell as he not only had his novel “ A Clergyman’s Daughter” finally published but he would also meet Eileen O’Shaughnessy who would become his wife. He would also have “Burmese Days” published in June that year.
George Orwell Fact 19: By late 1936 he was traveling to Spain to take part in the Spanish Civil War. For his trouble he received a bullet from a sniper through his throat for which he would recover.
George Orwell Fact 21: In 1941 Orwell was struck down with bronchitis which he would be plagued with frequently. Around this time David Astor, who was editing The Observer, invited George to write for him.
George Orwell Fact 22: It was Astor that gave Orwell his opportunity to do his part in the war when he offered him a position as a war correspondent but while he was on trip to France, his wife underwent surgery and died, completely unexpectedly. During this time his novel “Animal Farm” was published.
George Orwell Fact 23: After his brief return to England when Eileen died, he went back to France for short time before finally returning to England where he began work on Nineteen Eighty-Four which he would complete by 1948.
George Orwell Fact 24: His novel Nineteen Eighty-Four was published in 1949 and was very well received both in popularity and critically.
George Orwell Fact 25: George Orwell died as a result of a burst artery in his lung on January 21st 1950 aged forty six years. His body laid to rest in All Saint’s Churchyard in Sutton Courtenay in Oxfordshire.
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