George Westinghouse Fact
Lifespan: 1846 - 1914 *** Full Name:
George Westinghouse, Jr. ***
Occupation: American Entrepreneur,
Inventor and Engineer *** Date of
Birth: He was born on October 6th,
1846 *** Place of Birth: He was born
in Central Bridge, New York, USA ***
Family background: His father was a
machine shop owner *** Early life
and childhood: He grew up in New
George Westinghouse Fact 1:
He was born during the 19th century
which would see huge changes in
science, technology, industry and
George Westinghouse Fact 2:
The American Civil War began when he
was fifteen years old and he
enlisted with the New York National
George Westinghouse Fact 3:
He briefly returned home but would
re-enlist, this time with Company M
of the 16th New York Cavalry and
soon earned himself a promotion to
George Westinghouse Fact 4:
He would resign from the Army and
joined the Navy and served on USS
Muscoota until war ended in 1865 at
which point he returned home.
George Westinghouse Fact 5:
At the age of nineteen years he
would develop his first invention,
the rotary steam engine. Shortly
after this he put together the
Westinghouse Farm Engine.
George Westinghouse Fact 6:
When he was twenty one years old a
device that would guide a derailed
railroad car back on its tracks was
his next invention.
George Westinghouse Fact 7:
As a result of witnessing a rail
crash where the breaking system was
inadequate because the breaks had to
be hand operated he invented a new
George Westinghouse Fact 8:
The new system used compressed air.
A compressor was installed on the
locomotive with a reservoir and a
special valve on every car, a single
length of pipe, with flexible
sections, ran the length of the
train allowing for simultaneous
breaking on every carriage.
George Westinghouse Fact 9:
He patented his design and it was
completed by October 28th 1873.
George Westinghouse Fact 10:
His next project centered around
electrical power distribution.
Although Edison had already
developed a direct current
electrical flow but it was
restrictive and only allowed for a
limited number of consumers.
George Westinghouse Fact 11:
Instead his idea centered around an
alternative current which covered
more ground and serviced a larger
number of consumers.
George Westinghouse Fact 12:
In 1886 he formed the Westinghouse
Electric & Manufacturing Company and
in 1889 he renamed it as
Westinghouse Electrical Corporation.
George Westinghouse Fact 13:
In 1891 he decided to build his own
hydroelectric AC plant, the Ames
Hydroelectric Generating Plant.
George Westinghouse Fact 14:
He bought the rights to the Charles
Algernon Parsons turbine in 1885 and
improved the technology with an
increase in the scale.
George Westinghouse Fact 15:
Much the same as Edison he was ever
practical and experimental.
George Westinghouse Fact 16:
One of his other inventions was a
compressed air shock absorber for an
George Westinghouse Fact 17:
Although he continued as a captain
of industry in America, it was in
1907 that a financial scare led him
to resign from major control of the
George Westinghouse Fact 18:
At a time when the six day working
week was normal it was Westinghouse
that would introduce the half
holiday on a Saturday to all of his
George Westinghouse Fact 19:
As of 1911, with his health in
decline he was no longer active
within the business world.
George Westinghouse Fact 20:
On March 12th, 1914 he died at the
age of sixty seven years. His body
was laid to rest in Arlington
National Cemetery as was his right
as a Civil War veteran. He beloved
wife Marguerite would only survive
him by three months and would be
laid with him.
Influence & Legacy: He would
ultimately be responsible for
revolutionizing the transport
industry with his invention of the
railroad air brake allowing for
safety of not only peoplesí lives as
they were using the railroad system
for long distance travel but
improved overall industrial trade as
well. He was also responsible for
alternating current which allowed
for more people access to
electricity in their homes.
Important Events of the 19th century
and during the life of George
Westinghouse include: The US
Congress declare war against Mexico,
the Crimean War began, Abraham
Lincoln is elected Present and the
Great Fire of Chicago broke out.
List of Famous Patents by George
*** Grain and Seed Winnowers ***
Electrical Converter *** Alternating
Curren Electric Meter *** Pipe
Coupling *** Electric Railway ***
Fluid Pressure Automatic Brake ***
Electric Railway System *** Gearing
*** Elastic-Fluid Turbine ***