Gustav Klimt Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1862 – 1918 *** Full Name: Gustav Klimt *** Date of Birth (Birthday): He was born on July 14, 1862 *** Place of Birth: Gustav Klimt was born in Baumgarten, Austrian Empire *** Family background: His father was a gold engraver called Ernst Klimt the Elder *** Early life and childhood: Gustav Klimt grew up and spent the majority of his life in Vienna *** Education: Gustav Klimt began his artistic education at the Vienna School of Arts and Crafts in 1877 *** Gustav Klimt died on February 6, 1918 ***
Gustav Klimt Fact 1: Gustav
Klimt was born on July 14, 1862 in
Baumgarten in Austria-Hungary.
Gustav Klimt Fact 4: Much of
his childhood was spent living in
poverty stricken areas as his family
were very poor. At the age of
fourteen, he joined the Vienna
Public Arts School to study
Gustav Klimt Fact 8: Symbolism became a prominent style that Gustav Klimt began using after he was commissioned to create a piece of artwork for the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna. The piece that he created featured a female figure painted in a style which was perceived as eye-catching and exotic.
Gustav Klimt Fact 9: Gustav Klimt was a symbolist painter whose main primary subject was the female body. During his lifetime, some of his major artwork received criticism for conveying an erotic and alluring nature. His work has since received the recognition it deserved and he is now seen as one of the most prominent symbolist painters of the Vienna Secession movement.
Gustav Klimt Fact 10: He became a member of the Co-operative society of Austrian artists in 1891 and moved to a larger studio, where he could focus on creating more artwork, following the deaths of his father and brother in 1892.
Gustav Klimt Fact 11: Franz
Matsch and Gustav Klimt were
commissioned to create artwork in
1893 for the ceilings of the Great
Hall in the University of Vienna.
The two artists disagreed over their
design ideas and the approach they
should take towards painting the
ceiling. Their artistic styles were
different and this led to many
disagreements which slowed down
Gustav Klimt Fact 15: Following the criticism he received over his paintings for the Great Hall of the University of Vienna, Gustav Klimt refused any further public commissions. He feared that his reputation was fast decreasing and he decided to begin the Secession Movement as a result. He later claimed that 'all artwork is erotic'.
Gustav Klimt Fact 16: He was the first president of the Vienna Secession, also referred to as the Union of Austrian Artists. The Vienna Secession can be described a group formed by Austrian artists, painters, sculptors and architects who had resigned from the Association of Austrian Artists. The group was founded in 1897 by Gustav Klimt along with other artists including Josef Hoffman, Koloman Moser and Max Kurzweil. The Vienna Secession movement earned great recognition.
Gustav Klimt Fact 17: Many of
his paintings took on an erotic and
sexual nature, and later in life,
became more accepted, particularly
outside of Vienna. Gustav Klimt also
took on different art forms. He
produced some marvellous landscape
pieces as well as figurative
paintings. During his travels to
Florence and Rome in 1911, he
produced some major pieces of
artwork including The Bride, The
Virgin, and Death and Life. Death
and Live earned first prize in the
world exhibitions held in Rome.
List of Famous Works by Gustav
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