Discover facts and details about Hugh Dowding including some of his most incredible accomplishments during his long-standing military career, who he married, how many children he had, where he was raised, which schools he attended and when he began his military training.
Hugh Dowding Fact File: Lifespan: 1882 – 1970 *** Full Name: Hugh Dowding was also known as Air Chief Marshal Hugh Caswall Tremenheere Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding GCB, GCVO, CMG *** Hugh Dowding was nicknamed Stuffy *** Date of Birth (Birthday): He was born on April 24, 1882 *** Place of Birth: Hugh Dowding was born in Moffat, Scotland *** Family background: His father was Arthur John Caswall Dowding *** Early life and childhood: Hugh Dowding grew up and spent the majority of his childhood in Scotland *** Education: Hugh Dowding began his military training at the Royal Military Academy in Woolwich *** Hugh Dowding died on February 15, 1970.
Hugh Dowding Fact 1: Hugh Dowding was born on August 10th, 1874 in West Branch, Iowa in the United States. He was called Bertie as a child.
Hugh Dowding Fact 6: In May 1902, he became lieutenant and served with the Royal Garrison Artillery in Gibraltar and Hong Kong. In 1904, he was posted to India to No. 7 Mountain Artillery Battery. In 1912, he joined the Army Staff College in Great Britain and was promoted to captain the following year. He was posted to the Isle of Wight with the Royal Garrison Artillery.
Hugh Dowding Fact 8: He became a pilot for the Royal Flying Corps on no. 7 Squadron in August 1914. He moved to No. 6 Squadron two months later in October 1914. He had a brief stint as a staff officer in France before becoming a Flight Commander for No. 9 Squadron and then with No. 6 Squadron. In March 1915, he became commanding officer of the Wireless Experimental Establishment at Brooklands.
Hugh Dowding Fact 10: During the First World War, he worked hard and achieved many military promotions. On December 30, 1915, he was promoted to major. In January 1916 he returned to England and was given command of 7 Wing at Farnborough after receiving another promotion to temporary lieutenant colonel. In June 1916, he moved to 9 wing at Fienvillers. In January 1917, he was again promoted, this time to temporary colonel. He became commander of the Southern Group Command and was once again promoted in June 1917 to temporary brigadier-general. In April 1918, he became chief staff officer in York to the Royal Air Force's senior admin officer. On January 1st, 1919, he became a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George which a British order of chivalry and the most distinguished order of Saint Michael and Saint George (two military saints).
Hugh Dowding Fact 11: Between the First and Second World Wars, he served for the Royal Air Force. He was promoted to various positions including air commodore, chief staff officer, director of training, air vice-marshall, air officer commanding fighting area, air defence of Great Britain.
Hugh Dowding Fact 15: He encouraged many important advances to help protect the safety of pilots. He pushed hard with the Air Ministry for the introduction of bullet proof wind shields on fighter planes for which he was credited for.
Hugh Dowding Fact 17: He was awarded the Knight Grand Cross following his efforts during the Battle of Britain for which he was one of the people credited for the victory.
Hugh Dowding Fact 18: Although he was due to retire from his military career in June 1939, he continued his service and continued through the Battle of Britain. Despite clashing with other officials on many occasions, he played a very important part in the Battle, saving many lives with the tactics he used. He recognized that pilots had a greater chance of survival during air battles over mainland as opposed to the sea. Many pilots lost their lives in previous battles parachuting out over the sea as they drowned. He engaged the Luftwaffe on home soil in an attempt to protect the lives of experienced fighter pilots.
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