James Monroe Fact Sheet: Who was James Monroe? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of James Monroe.
James Monroe Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1758 - 1831 *** Full Name: James Monroe *** Nickname: The Last Cocked Hat *** Occupation: Lawyer, Planter, College Administrator and Fifth President of the United States *** Date of Birth: James Monroe was born on April 28th 1758 *** Place of Birth: James Monroe was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, British America *** Family background: His father was Spence Monroe and his mother was Elizabeth Jones. His grandfather was originally from Scotland *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with several siblings *** Education: James Monroe was educated by his mother before attending Campbell Town Academy, a very bright and able student and very quick to learn ***
James Monroe Fact 1: James Monroe was born on April 28th 1758 and during the 18th century period in history when France and America both went through revolutions and the Industrial Revolution began in Britain.
James Monroe Fact 2:
His father died I 1774 at which time
he inherited his father’s small
plantation and what slaves he owned.
At sixteen years of age he began to
form a very close bond with Judge
Joseph Jones his mother’s brother.
James Monroe Fact 8: In 1786 he married Elizabeth Kortrigh in New York City and together they had three children, Eliza Kortright, James Spencer and Maria Hester.
James Monroe Fact 9: In order to fulfill his plans to enter the legal profession he sold his plantation, inherited from his father, although he would own other, larger plantations and slaves.
James Monroe Fact 10:
In 1782 he would be elected to the
Virginia House of Delegates and the
following year would be elected to
Congress. In 1790 he would be
elected by the Virginian legislature
as United States Senator and became
a member of the
Democratic-Republican group which
was led by Madison and Jefferson. He
would become party leader in the
Senate in 1791.
James Monroe Fact 15: During the election year of 1816 however, Monroe decided to run for President and will the Federalists collapsing he was left with little to no opposition in his initial bid for the presidency or in his bid for re-election.
James Monroe Fact 16: As a newly elected President he virtually ignored previous party policies when it came to appointing lower posts and appointed where he felt was appropriate.
James Monroe Fact 17:
It was during Monroe's
administration that various states
not at that time under American
rule, for example, Florida, which
was under Spanish rule and Russia
trying to claim the Pacific coast,
that it was in the Monroe Doctrine
where he would proclaim that America
should forever be free of any
European colonization or
interference going forward.
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