Jane Austen Fact Sheet: Who was Jane Austen? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Jane Austen.
Jane Austen Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1775 - 1817 *** Full Name: Jane Austen *** Occupation: English Novelist *** Date of Birth: Jane Austen was born on December 16th 1775 *** Place of Birth: Jane Austen was born in the rectory at Stevenson, in Hampshire, England *** Family background: Her father was George Austen and her mother was Cassandra. They were part of the substantial gentry class, her father coming from a family of woolen manufacturers who prospered enough to become gentry rather than working class. Her father was a rector for the Anglican parishes at Steventon in Hampshire *** Early life and childhood: She grew up with six brothers, James, George, Edward, Henry Thomas, Francis William, and Charles John as well as her only sister Cassandra Elizabeth who would become and remain her dearest friend *** Education: Jane Austen received a very high standard of education as her father was also a teacher, together with her sister they would sent to Oxford to be educated by Mrs Ann Cawley and then attended boarding school where she learnt French and spelling, needlework, music and dancing as well as drama ***
Jane Austen Fact 1: Jane
Austen was born on December 16th
1775 and during the 18th century
period in history when France and
America both went through
revolutions and the Industrial
Revolution began in Britain.
Jane Austen Fact 8: She also attended social functions with family, friends and neighbors.
Jane Austen Fact 9: Having decided to try and write stories for payment she began to write more sophisticated material and in-depth stories.
Jane Austen Fact 10: Her first full length novel was produced before 1796 and would later be published as Sense and Sensibility in 1811.
Jane Austen Fact 11: During
1795 she made the acquaintance of
Tom Lefroy and the two got along
very well together indeed. It was
even suggested they may have married
but the fact that neither of them
had incomes to sustain a marriage
and Tom was very much reliant on an
Irish male relative to help him
succeed in his future career and so
the two would never again meet.
Jane Austen Fact 15: In 1800 Janeís father announced his decision to leave Stevenson, retire from his ministry and move the family to Bath. This news Jane found rather upsetting as she was unprepared to leave her family home, the only home she had ever known.
Jane Austen Fact 16: Jane would receive her only offer of marriage in 1802, from someone who she had known for a good many years. The match would have been a very secure financial one for Jane, as Harris Bigg-Wither was the heir to his family estates located in the area Jane and her family were very familiar with, she would be more than able to look after her parents in their old age and even probably assist her brothers in their chosen careers. The one factor that was missing on her part, was any real affection for the man. Having accepted his proposal initially, she later withdrew her acceptance.
Jane Austen Fact 17: Her father died rather suddenly leaving Jane, her mother and sister in serious financial difficulties which was reflected in their living arrangements, but all four brothers pledged financial assistance to make sure they were supported, although the three women spent much of the next four years moving from one family members home to another.
Jane Austen Fact 18: By 1809, Edward Austen offered his sisters and mother an opportunity that would see their circumstances much more settled and they moved into Chawton House in July of 1809. Socializing hardly at all, the women spent their time in assisting the local unfortunates and teaching boys and girls to read and write.
Jane Austen Fact 19: This period in time offered Jane ample opportunity to devote serious time to her writing. By 1811, with the publication of Sense and Sensibility, Jane finally had an element of financial security, as well as a psychological lift.
Jane Austen Fact 20: The move to Chawton proved fruitful when it came to her writing and publishing. During her time there, she published four novels, Sense and Sensibility was first, followed by Pride and Prejudice and then Mansfield Park in 1814 and this one proved financially far more lucrative than either previous novels.
Jane Austen Fact 21: Although not enamored of the Prince Regent, he nevertheless was a huge admirer of her work and she was asked to dedicate her next novel to him, her fourth novel Emma was published in December of 1815. Her next novel was Persuasion.
Jane Austen Fact 22: By early 1816 however, Jane began to feel considerably unwell and her health went into a fairly rapid decline but she would continue to work as best she could, but by 1817 around April, she would be confined to her bed.
Jane Austen Fact 23: On July
18th 1817 Jane Austen lost her
battle and died in Winchester aged
forty one years. Her body laid to
rest in Winchester Cathedral.
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