Joan of Arc Fact Sheet: Who was Joan of Arc? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Joan of Arc.
Joan of Arc Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1412 – 1431 *** Full Name: Joan of Arc *** Nickname: The Maid of Orleans *** Occupation: A Heroine of France *** Date of Birth: Joan of Arc was born in 1412 *** Place of Birth: Joan of Arc was born in Domremy, Northeastern France *** Family background: Her father was Jacques d’Arc and her mother was Isabelle Romee. Her parents owned the land that they farmed and her father also worked as village official collecting taxes to help support his family *** Early life and childhood: She grew up Domremy on the boarders of Burgundian lands that saw raids on occasions and once her village was burned to the ground ***
Joan of Arc Fact 1: Joan of Arc was thought to born 1412 and during the 15th century period in history when described as the late middle ages to early Renaissance and early modern period.
Joan of Arc Fact 2: At the time of her birth the Hundred Years’ War that had begun in 1337 and was about the inheritance dispute over the French throne was going on.
Joan of Arc Fact 3: At the age of thirteen Joan claimed to have had her first vision in which Saint Catherine, Saint Margaret and Saint Michael came to her while she was in her father’s garden.
Joan of Arc Fact 4: She claimed they had told her to force the English out and to bring the French Dauphin for his coronation to Reims.
Joan of Arc Fact 5: When she was sixteen years of age she requested that Durand Lassois, a relative, take her to the town of Vaucouleurs where she asked to speak the commander of the garrison, Robert de Baudricourt and request his permission to go to the French Royal Court at Chinon.
Joan of Arc Fact 6: She was told she could not go. When she returned to try again she spoke this time to two of Baudricourt’s men, Jean de Metz and Bertrand de Poulengy and managed to secure a further meeting and on this occasion she had prophecy to make regarding an upcoming battle and when the prophecy came true, with absolutely no way of her being able to know the outcome, Baudricourt believed her.
Joan of Arc Fact 7: Having made her way to the court, she spoke privately to the Dauphine and was granted leave, after much investigation about her person, to join the army in Orleans as test to see if the outcome she predicted came to pass. At the head of the army, she gave words of advice to those noblemen leading and the accepted her advice. The success that was had was remarkable.
Joan of Arc Fact 8: Over success months, Joan in her borrowed attire of white clothing and armor, with her white horse, sword and banner proceeded at the head of the French army as they retook areas of France under Anglo-Burgundian rule.
Joan of Arc Fact 9: She would sustain several injuries, one was from an arrow that caught her between her shoulder and neck but once she had been attended to she was back in the fray. Later in a separate battle she was struck by a stone on her helmet.
Joan of Arc Fact 10: Every time the French army, with Joan at the head, stood against the English, they English retreated. Town after town returned to French allegiances and when the Reims the Dauphine’s coronation took place on the 17th July 1429.
Joan of Arc Fact 11: Both the Duke of Alencon and Joan urged forward momentum and to continue on to Paris, the Royal court wished to attempt to negotiate peace. The Duke, Philip of Burgundy, used the negotiations as a way to stall the French while preparations were put into place to reinforce Paris.
Joan of Arc Fact 12: By September the French had reached Paris and a standoff took place between the French and the Duke of Bedford. During the coming assault Joan was wounded again, this time with a crossbow bolt to her leg.
Joan of Arc Fact 13: The next morning word was received to withdraw by the order of the French Court. After a successful taking of Saint-Pierre-le-Moutier in October, there attempts to take La-Charite-sur-Loire were not so successful in November and December.
Joan of Arc Fact 14: By December however, Joan and her family were given the honor of being ennobled as a reward for Joan’s brave and courageous actions.
Joan of Arc Fact 15: During the opening months of the new year of 1430 a truce was struck with England leaving Joan little to occupy her. By May the truce was over and Joan went to Compiegne in an attempt to help defend against a Burgundian and English siege. It was at this time the Burgundian’s managed to capture Joan. Negotiations began between the Burgundian’s and the English agreed to pay ten thousand livres tournois for her.
Joan of Arc Fact 16: Many times the Armagnac’s attempted to rescue her but were unsuccessful.
Joan of Arc Fact 17: Joan was tried for heresy, with the members of the tribunal entirely made up of Burgundian clerics and pro-English and administered by English commanders which included the Earl of Warwick and the Duke of Bedford.
Joan of Arc Fact 18: The whole affair was illegal on so many points, there was no actual evidence, Bishop Cauchon had no jurisdiction over the matter under ecclesiastical law, she was denied legal representation and even though there were parties that actively were uncooperative because of the unbalanced proceedings their lives were threatened to bring them into line.
Joan of Arc Fact 19: During her trial she was set up in a subtle way to entrap herself, “Asked if she knew she was in God’s grace, she answered: ‘If I am not, may God put me there; and if I am, may God so keep me.’” Her answer was most unexpected because it neither confirmed nor denied her heresy and it was noted that “Those who were interrogating her were stupefied.”
Joan of Arc Fact 20: At trials end she was found guilty and sentenced to death. Her execution by burning was set for May 30th 1421. The girl was tied to pillar. After she was dead, her body was twice more burned to reduce her remains to ash so it could not be said she had made her escape. Her asked were scattered across the Seine River.
Joan of Arc Influence & Legacy: Her trial would be investigated many years later and found that she would have and should have been found innocent. A final summary was heard in June 1456 and Inquisitor-General Jean Brehal concluded that Joan was a martyr. On May 16th 1920 Joan of Arc was canonized by Pope Benedict XV.
Short Facts about Joan of Arc for Kids
The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of this famous poet, Joan of Arc. A fast, simple way to present a short biography of Joan of Arc with important dates and info that provides details such as the date of birth (birthday), place of birth, education, family, work and career. An ideal educational resource for kids, schools, teachers and social studies.