King Edward III Fact File: Lifespan: 1327 – 1377 *** Full Name: Edward III was also known as King Edward II of England *** Date of Birth (Birthday): He was born on November 13, 1312 *** Place of Birth: Edward III was born at Windsor Castle, England *** Family background: His father was Edward II *** Edward III died on June 21, 1377 ***
King Edward III Fact 1:
Edward III was born on November 13,
1312 at Windsor Castle, Berkshire,
England. He became known as Edward
King Edward III Fact 3: His father was Edward II, he was King of England from July 7, 1307 until January 25, 1327 when he was deposed by his wife, Edward III's mother, Isabella of France and her lover Roger Mortimer. As King of England, his father failed repeatedly and was often accused of being inactive, particularly in the First War of Scottish Independence.
King Edward III Fact 4: He
was crowned King of England on
February 1, 1327 after his father
was forced to end his reign by
Isabella of France and her lover
Roger Mortimer. As a young king,
Edward III faced many conflicts with
Roger Mortimer who was the de facto
ruler of England. On October 19,
1330, Edward III captured Roger
Mortimer at Nottingham Castle and
had him executed.
King Edward III Fact 10: He arrived in Normandy in 1346 with 15,000 men. He successfully defeated King Philip VI of France during the Battle of Crécy on August 26, 1346. The English army continued, they captured King David II of Scotland which secured the northern borders.
King Edward III Fact 11: The
siege of Calais became one of the
greatest operations carried out by
England during the Hundred Years'
War. It began on September 4, 1346
and involved an army of 35,000 men.
The battle continued until the
surrender of Calais on August 3,
King Edward III Fact 16: The Treaty of Bruges brought about many changes when it was introduced in 1375. It resulted in many of the English conquests being reversed by Charles V who left Edward III with Calais and an area near Bordeaux.
King Edward III Fact 17: An
historian known as William Stubbs
wrote the following description of
Edward III: 'Edward III was not a
statesman, though he possessed some
qualifications which might have made
him a successful one. He was a
warrior; ambitious, unscrupulous,
selfish, extravagant and
ostentatious. His obligations as a
king sat very lightly on him. He
felt himself bound by no special
duty, either to maintain the theory
of royal supremacy or to follow a
policy which would benefit his
people. Like Richard I, he valued
England primarily as a source of
Influence & Legacy of King Edward III: Edward III became the King of England at the age of 14 when he took to the throne following his father's disastrous reign. He made great efforts to restore royal authority and is credited for strengthening the military powers of the United Kingdom.
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