King Charles I Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1738 – 1820 *** Full Name: King George III was also known as George William Frederick *** Date of Birth (Birthday): He was born on June 4, 1738 *** Place of Birth: George William Frederick was born in London, England *** Family background: His father was Frederick, Prince of Wales *** Early life and childhood: King George III grew up and spent the majority of his life in Southern England *** Education: King George III began his education at home as a child *** King George III died on January 29, 1820 ***
King George III Fact 1: George William Frederick was born premature on June 4, 1738 at Norfolk House, St. James’ Square, London, England.
King George III Fact 2: He was King of Great Britain and Ireland. He was a member of the Hanover dynasty and he reigned over the country for longer than any of his predecessors, and unlike them, he spoke fluent English and he was born in Great Britain.
King George III Fact 3: He was born premature and wasn't expected to survive. He was baptized on June 4, 1738, the same day as he was born. However, he defied the odds and despite experiencing bouts of mental illness, he lived a long life until the age of 81.
King George III Fact 4: His father was Frederick, Prince of Wales, and his mother was Pricess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha. She was a strict, overpowering mother who taught King George III high moral standards.
King George III Fact 5: He received private tuition from a young age. He was taught numerous subjects including natural sciences and the languages of French and German.
King George III Fact 6: As a boy, King George III was very timid. He was tutored by John Stuart, a Scottish nobleman and the Duke of Edinburgh, who helped his confidence to grow in preparation for his future. John Stuart discussed and advised the future king on both political and personal issues.
King George III Fact 7: He had to take on great responsibilities from a young age, he became the Duke of Edinburgh in 1751 when his father passed away and shortly afterwards, he was given the title of Prince of Wales by his Grandfather, George II. At this time, he also came in line to the throne, and of course, had to make preparations for his future life as King of Great Britain and Ireland.
King George III Fact 8: He rose to the throne upon his Grandfather's, King George II's, sudden death on October 25, 1760. He became King George III of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the union of the countries he ruled over, his title changed on January 1, 1801 to King George III of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
King George III Fact 9: Lord Bute was the 3rd Earl of Bute and Prime Minster of Great Britain from 1762 to 1763. He often advised King George III on personal and political matters. When George III was 18, he was invited to reside with his grandfather, King George II, however, Lord Bute was against the decision and advised him to stay with his mother. On another occasion, he advised George not to marry Lady Sarah Lennox, a lady whom he liked very much.
King George III Fact 10: Since becoming King George III of Great Britain and Ireland, the pressure to find a suitable wife increased. The following quote, describes his thoughts on love and the responsibility of being a King: "I am born for the happiness or misery of a great nation, and consequently must often act contrary to my passions.".
King George III Fact 11: He married Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz on September 8, 1761. The couple were crowned at Westminster Abbey and they went on to enjoy a long and happy 50 year marriage together. They had fifteen children in total; 9 sons and 6 daughters!.
King George III Fact 12: He spent much of his life in southern England. He resided with his family at Kew, Windsor Castle and Buckingham House. Their family holidays were spent at an English seaside resort in Weymouth, Dorset.
King George III Fact 13: During his reign, he had to deal with many conflicts involving his countries. The Seven Years' War began in 1755, before he became King George III of Great Britain and Ireland. It didn't end until 1764 by which time France was defeated by Great Britain.
King George III Fact 14: The American War of Independence ran from 1774 to 1783 and resulted in Great Britain’s loss of many its colonies in North America. France was eager to retaliate against Great Britain following their defeat during the Seven Years' War. Various conflicts against Napoleonic France started in 1793 and led to the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.
King George III Fact 15: During the conflicts of the Seven Years' War, King George III was a very young king, he was strongly advised by Prime Ministers, Lord Bute and his successor, George Grenville, from 1763.
King George III Fact 16: The aftermath of the Seven Years' War left Great Britain financially unstable. George Grenville concluded that the American colonies should pay Great Britain for providing troops to help protect North America. He figured that the American colonies had benefited from the outcome of the Seven Years' War.
King George III Fact 17: King George III agreed with George Grenville's plan to look to the American colonies as a financial source to relieve Great Britain of its debt. The Sugar Act of 1764 and the Stamp Act of 1765 were passed. The American colonies were furious with the demands set by the Stamp Act, but it was still passed, non-the-less, in 1766 as the colonies were subject to British Law. It took a number of years to see the eventual loss of the colonies when the Revolutionary War came to an end and the Treaty of Paris was signed on September 3, 1783.
King George III Fact 18: He experienced episodes of mental illness and insanity throughout his life. The cause of his suffering is not fully understood, it may have been a result of porphyria, a genetic disease. As he grew older, he became blind and weak. What had once been bouts of mental illness took over his mind permanently and by 1811, he wasn't mentally or physically fit to continue his responsibilities as King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Prince George had the unfathomable responsibility of taking over his father's duties whilst still being governed by his decisions.
King George III Fact 19: King George III's eldest son, the Prince of Wales and Prince Regent, succeeded him as King when he died on January 29, 1820. He became King George IV.
King George III Fact 20: He died on January 29, 1820, little more than one year following the death of his wife Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. He died at Windsor Castle, England, following severe bouts of insanity. He was buried in St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle on February 16, 1820.
Influence & Legacy of King King George III: King George III was important as he served as the King of Great Britain and Ireland for almost sixty years! He reigned for longer than any of his predecessors. He was faced with many battles and conflicts during his reign which involved some very important decision making. His actions inevitably changed the course of history forever!