King Henry I Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1068 – 1135 *** Full Name: King Henry I was also known as Henry Beauclerc *** Date of Birth (Birthday): He was born in c. 1068 *** Place of Birth: King Henry I was probably born in England *** Family background: His father was William the Conqueror *** King Henry I died on December 1, 1135 ***
King Henry I Fact 1: King Henry I was more than likely born in England around the year of 1068.
King Henry I Fact 3: His father was William the conqueror who became the first Norman King of England following the invasion of 1066 and reigned for more than 20 years from 1066 to 1087. His mother was Matilda of Flanders, she was Robert II of France's granddaughter.
King Henry I Fact 4: He had older brothers called Robert Curthose, Richard and William Rufus, and a sister called Adela. Little is known about his childhood or education other than his ability to speak Latin and his interest in liberal arts. He received military training from Robert Archard and he became knighted on May 24, 1086 by his father, William I of England.
King Henry I Fact 9: His brothers feud continued, William Rufus persuaded Conan Pilatus to revolt against Robert. After issuing an appeal for help, Henry traveled to Rouen where he joined Robert in battle. Henry became famous for his exploits during this particular battle as he continued in conflict even after his Robert retreated. Henry imprisoned Conan Pilatus who had turned against the feudal lord. Henry was very angry, he refused Conan's offer of a huge ransom and instead, had him thrown off the top of the castle, making an example of the man as he was brought to his death.
King Henry I Fact 10: Upon signing a treaty at Rouen in 1091, William Rufus and Robert negotiated ownership of land and castles, and made one another heirs to England and Normandy. Henry was excluded from the agreement and as a consequence, a war broke out. The treaty was soon broken when the brothers fell out once again. By this time, Henry had established a number of followers, and so, William Rufus began supporting him and tried to turn him against Robert.
King Henry I Fact 11: William Rufus was shot during a hunting accident. Henry convinced barons that he was the best man to rise to the throne as he'd been born to a king and queen. The barons followed him and he was crowned King of England on August 5, 1100 at Westminster Abbey, London.
King Henry I Fact 16: During the years that followed his invasion of the Duchy of Normandy, he came into conflict with Louis VI of France, Baldwin of Flanders and Fulk of Anjou who were supporters of William Clito, the son of Robert, Henry's imprisoned brother.
King Henry I Fact 17: The Battle of Bremule took place on August 20, 1119 between Louis VI of France and King Henry I of England. In 1120, following King Henry I's victory, a peace settlement between the two powers was finally agreed.
King Henry I Fact 18: His marriage to Matilda lasted until 1118. His only legitimate son died in 1120 during the White Ship disaster when the vessel he was on sank in the English Channel. Desperate for another heir, he married Adeliza of Louvain in 1121, however, they didn't have any children at all. King Henry I made his only legitimate daughter, Matilda, his heir. However, when King Henry I died, she didn't inherit the throne, he was instead succeeded by Stephen of Blois, his nephew.
Influence & Legacy: King Henry I of England reigned over his country for more than 35 years from 1100 until his death in 1135. He was a ruthless but effective ruler who won many victories during his lifetime.
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