King Henry II Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1133 – 1199 *** Full Name: Henry II was also known as Henry Curtmantle, Henry FitzEmpress, and Henry Plantagenet, *** Date of Birth (Birthday): He was born on March 5, 1133 *** Place of Birth: Henry II was born in LeMans, France *** Family background: His father was Geoffrey of Anjou *** Education: Henry II began his education with Peter of Saintes *** Henry II died on July 6, 1189 ***
King Henry II Fact 1: Henry
II was born on March 5, 1133 in Le
Mans, France to Geoffrey of Anjou
and Empress Matilda.
King Henry II Fact 3: His father was Geoffrey of Anjou and his mother was Empress Matilda, the eldest daughter of King Henry I of England and the Duke of Normandy. Henry II was the eldest child of Geoffrey of Anjou and Empress Matilda (a title his mother inherited from her first marriage to the Holy Roman Emperor, Henry V).
King Henry II Fact 4:
Little is known about his early
childhood, however, historians
believe that Henry II likely lived
in Anjou, France from approximately
7 years of age where he received an
education from a grammarian known as
Peter of Saintes.
King Henry II Fact 10: Following the death of his father, Geoffrey of Anjou, in 1151, peace between Henry II and Louis VII did not last long. Henry II planned to marry Louis VII's beautiful wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine. Louis had his marriage to his wife annulled and felt very insulted, when just 8 weeks later, Henry when became married to her! A battle broke out along the borders of Normandy, with Henry's brother Geoffrey who held an ongoing feud with Henry over inheritance, siding with Louis VII. Fighting came to an end when the French King became ill and withdrew from the conflict.
King Henry II Fact 11:
Following ongoing conflicts between
King Stephen and Henry II, a peace
agreement was made in 1153, when the
Treaty of Wallingford (also known as
the Treaty of Winchester) brought
the Ancharchy to an end. The
Ancharcy was the civil war that
occurred between England and
Normandy from 1135 to 1154. The
treaty recognized that Stephen would
remain King of England until his
death and that Henry II would become
his heir and inherit the throne upon
King Henry II Fact 16: The ongoing conflict between Henry II and Louis VII became known as a cold war. It occurred over a number of decades and resulted in Henry's ever increasing empire taking over Brittany, through to central France and further south into Toulouse. A number of treaties were passed between the two leaders over the years, but peace was never maintained for very long.
King Henry II Fact 17: By 1172, King Henry II held full control over England, many parts of Wales, eastern areas of Ireland and western France.
King Henry II Fact 18:
Henry II and his wife, Eleanor of
Aquitaine, had eight children called
William, Henry, Richard, Matilda,
Geoffrey, Eleanor, Joanna and John.
His children began to rebel as they
grew older as tensions mounted over
inheritance. Their power struggle
resulted in several revolts over the
years, one ending with the death of
Influence & Legacy of William III: Henry II reigned as King of England from December 19, 1154 to July 6, 1189. Although he succeeded King Stephen, he regarded himself as heir to his royal grandfather, Henry I.
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