King John I Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1166 – 1216 *** Full Name: King John I was also known as John Lackland *** Date of Birth (Birthday): He was born on December 24, 1166 *** Place of Birth: King John I was born in Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England *** Family background: His father was King Henry II *** Early life and childhood: King John I grew up and spent the majority of his life in London *** King John I died on October 18, 1216 ***
King John I Fact 1: King John I was born on December 24, 1166 at Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England.
King John I Fact 3: He was born into a noble medieval family, his parents were King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, the former wife of King Louis VII of France. They didn't play a great part in John's childhood. He was left in the care of a wet nurse along with his siblings.
King John I Fact 4: He was fairly short, measuring approximately 5ft 5in, he had dark red hair and a strong body. He was known being generous, accommodating and humorous, but jealously could get the better of him and at times, he was prone to outbursts of anger.
King John I Fact 10: Following the death of King Richard I, John was crowned King of England in 1199. King Philip of France agreed to acknowledge his ownership of the continental Angevin lands. Both kings signed the Treaty of Le Goulet in 1200.
King John I Fact 11: An Anglo-French War broke out in 1202 which initially brought King John I of England a number of victories. However, his military resources were limited which eventually led to a collapsed Empire.
King John I Fact 16: Towards the end of his reign, King John I of England agreed a charter which was drafted by the Archbishop of Canterbury. The Great Charter is known as the Magna Carta. It declared peace among a group of rebel barons and King John I. Some of the main purposes of the Magna Carta were to protect church rights, and to prevent barons from being imprisoned illegally.
King John I Fact 17: Despite having agreed to the Magna Carta, neither the rebel barons nor King John I cooperated or complied with the conditions it set out.
King John I Fact 18: The civil war, known as the First Baron's War, broke out in 1215 and lasted for approximately one year and a half. It was led by Robert Fitzwalter and supported by an army under control of King Louis VIII of France.
Influence & Legacy of King John I: King John I of England reigned from 1199 to 1216. His father was King Henry II and his mother was a wealthy, powerful woman called Eleanor of Aquitaine. King John I is well known for sealing an important document known as the Magna Carta.
Short Facts about King John I for Kids: The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of this famous character, King John I.
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