King Richard III Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1452 – 1485 *** Full Name: King Richard III was also known as Richard Plantagenet *** Date of Birth (Birthday): He was born on October 2, 1452 *** Place of Birth: King Richard III was born in Northamptonshire, England. *** Family background: His father was Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York *** Early life and childhood: King Richard III grew up and spent the majority of his life in England *** King Richard III died on August 22, 1485 ***
King Richard III Fact 1: King
Richard III was born October 2, 1452
at Fotheringhay Castle, Oundle,
King Richard III Fact 4:
Following the death of his father
during the Battle of Wakefield in
1460, he was sent with his brother
George to live in the Low Countries.
The Low Countries can be described
as low-lying countries of Europe,
particularly the Netherlands and
Belgium which have land below sea
level. The brothers returned to
their homeland the following year
when their elder sibling was crowned
King Edward IV of England.
King Richard III Fact 9: He had one son with his wife Anne Neville, he was named Edward of Middleham. Sadly, he died young, at the age of ten. Edward was King Richard III's only legitimate child, the king had two illegitimate children whose mother's name is not recorded. The two children were called John of Gloucester and Katherine Plantagenet.
King Richard III Fact 10: During the early 1480s, he helped his older brother, King Edward IV, to gain power and recognition when he disguised himself in battle and carried out an invasion of Scotland. As a reward for his actions, he was given an area of Cumberland, England plus the rights to the areas of lands.
King Richard III Fact 11: He
became the guardian of his nephews,
Edward and Richard, upon the death
of their father and Richard III's
older brother, the King of England,
Edward IV. Richard III had one thing
in mind, and that to fulfil his
ambition of becoming the King of
England! The elder of his two
nephews, twelve year old Edward V,
inherited the throne following the
death of his father.
King Richard III Fact 16: He had idiopathic scoliosis which he developed during adolescence. His spinal abnormalities may gone unnoticed, and could likely be disguised by clothing.
King Richard III Fact 17: William Shakespeare wrote an historical play called Richard III which portrays his cunning rise to power and his short two year reign over England. Despite immense effort to become the King of England, he only managed to hold onto the crown for two years!.
King Richard III Fact 18:
He died at the age of 32 on August
22, 1485, during the Battle of
Bosworth Field, during the War of
the Roses, after being defeated by
Henry Tudor, the future King of
Influence & Legacy: Although King Richard III only reigned over England for 2 years, he made a dramatic impact and thus became very famous for his terrible reputation as a scheming man who would go to unimaginable lengths to gain power of the throne.
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