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Kublai Khan Facts

Kublai Khan

Facts about Kublai Khan

Kublai Khan Biography Summary: Kublai Khan (1215 - 1294) was famous for being the founder of the Yuan dynasty in China. Kublai Khan became a great ruler. After the death of his father he was forced to take his rightful place from his younger brother who had tried to usurp his position.

He became the fifth Khagan of the Mongol Empire and would also found the Yuan dynasty in China in 1271 when he conquered China. He would rule for thirty four years.

He named his son Zhenjin his successor much to disappointment of his son Nomukhan who felt he should have succeeded his father. His son Zhenjin died eight years before Kublai himself and so Kublai named his grandson Temur as his successor. He died on February 18th 1294 at seventy eight years of age.

Kublai Khan Fact Sheet: Who was Kublai Khan? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Kublai Khan.

Kublai Khan Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1215 Ė 1294 *** Full Name: Kublai Khan *** Occupation: Khagan of the Mongol Empire *** Date of Birth: Kublai Khan was born on September 23rd 1215 *** Place of Birth: the exact location of his birth is unknown *** Family background: His father was Tolui, his grandfather was Genghis Khan and his mother was Sorghaghtani Beki *** Early life and childhood: By the time he was twelve years old he was already a skilled horseman and he was rapidly gaining a reputation as fierce warrior *** Education: Kublai Khan would have been taught by tutors ***

Kublai Khan Fact 1: Kublai Khan was born on September 23rd 1215 and during the 13th century period in history when when the Mongol Empire began to expand from Eastern Asia to Eastern Europe having conquered Asia. In Europe a new era has begun and will become known as the High Middle Ages.

Kublai Khan Fact 2: Having conquered the Khwarizmian Empire, Genghis Khan carried out a ritualistic ceremony on his grandsons Kublai and Mongke when Kublai he was nine years old. This consisted of smearing the fat from animals killed by Kublai and his brother after their first hunting trip, onto the middle finger of each boy in accordance with the tradition of the Mongol people.

Kublai Khan Fact 3: After the war of Mongol-Jin during 1236, Kublai's Uncle Ogedei gave the province of Hebei to his brother Toluiís family, his brother having died in 1232.

Kublai Khan Fact 4: Kublai received a portion of this province as his own and this included ten thousand households. However, Kublai being inexperienced allowed his officials to rule without supervision and so many of his peasants began to flee when taxes became too exorbitant to pay.

Kublai Khan Fact 5: Kublai came to realize what was happening and took control of the situation, his mother sent him new officials to assist and the tax laws were reviewed, in time his people began to return.

Kublai Khan Fact 6: Kublai had interests and in particular with Chinese culture. He invited a Buddhist monk to visit his ordo in Mongolia and in 1242 Kaiyun visited Kubla and taught him much about the Buddhist philosophy.

Kublai Khan Fact 7: He also introduced Kublai to Liu Bingzhong a Taoist who was also a painter, poet, calligrapher and mathematician and he would become one Kublai's trusted advisors.

Kublai Khan Fact 8: Kublai also had Zhao Bi in his entourage so give Kublai a rounded local and imperial view.

Kublai Khan Fact 9: When Kublaiís brother became Khan he sent Kublai to North China as his viceroyalty and Kublai moved his ordo into central Inner Mongolia.

Kublai Khan Fact 10: In this position Kublai increased the agricultural output in his region and also increased the social welfare spending during his years a viceroy.

Kublai Khan Fact 11: Kublai was ordered by his brother to bring Yunnan into submission. With several armies and cooperation from the King of Dali Kublai accomplished his mission and pacified Yunnan.

Kublai Khan Fact 12: There were certain officials who felt Kublai was getting above his station and planted a seed of suspicion into his brotherís mind that he was after his Empire. Mongke sent officials to audit Kublai and they found fault and some officials were put to death.

Kublai Khan Fact 13: Kublai appealed to his brother for forgiveness and his brother agreed to forgive him and they reconciled.

Kublai Khan Fact 14: Mongke would order his brother to attack Sichuan. Kublai did as he was bid but during the preparations for the assault word reached him that his brother had died. He continued without acknowledging his brotherís death and eventually peace was reached with Jia Sidao.

Kublai Khan Fact 15: Kublaiís wife got word to him that his younger brother was raising an army to take control of the Empire. Kublai summoned his own supporters and they declared him Kublai Great Khan in spite of his brotherís alleged claim.

Kublai Khan Fact 16: This would in turn result in warfare between the two brothers.

Kublai Khan Fact 17: Kublaiís leadership and his armies would prove superior to his brotherís and after much bloodshed he would become Emperor with his brother surrendering in August of 1264.

Kublai Khan Fact 18: Kublaiís reigned his Empire between 1260 to 1294, considering China his headquarters and concentrated most of his governing there.

Kublai Khan Fact 19:  He governed his Empire and conquests for many decades but when his wife Chabi died in 1281 he chose to withdraw from any direct contact with his advisors and advised his successor would be Zhenjin but his son Nomukhan expressed his deep resentment at his brotherís succession. However it would come to pass the Zhenjin would die eight years before his father.

Kublai Khan Fact 20: As he grew older so did member of his family and bit by bit he sank into depression. Before he died he named his successor as his son Zhenjinís son Temur.

Kublai Khan Fact 21: Kublai Khan died on February 18th 1294 aged seventy eight and his body laid to rest with his ancestors in burial place of the khans in Mongoli.

Influence & Legacy: Having taken his power and become Khan he pushed his Empire into a new and exciting direction. Having brought the Mongol realm and the Chinese relationship into a formalized union the Mongol Empire was brought to international attention and would also be responsible for reconstructing a united militarily commanding China.

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