Louis Armstrong Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1901 - 1971*** Full Name: Louis Armstrong *** Nickname: Satchmo or Pops *** Occupation: American Jazz Trumpeter and Singer *** Date of Birth: Louis Armstrong was born on August 4th 1901 *** Place of Birth: Louis Armstrong was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA *** Family background: His father was William Armstrong and his mother was Mary Albert. His family originated from slaves. His father left the family when he was just a baby and his mother would also abandon her children, Louis had a younger sister Beatrice, both children were left with their father’s mother, Josephine Armstrong and were cared for by their Uncle Isaac *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with his sister but when he was five years old he was moved back to his mother and her family, rarely seeing his father. The family was very poor and lived in a very rough neighborhood referred to as the Battlefield *** Education: Louis Armstrong attended Fisk School for Boys ***
Louis Armstrong Fact 1: Louis Armstrong was born on August 4th 1901 and during the 20th century period in history when there were world changing events happening including the First World War, the Second World War, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the Cold War.
Louis Armstrong Fact 2: Having dropped out of school when he was about eleven years of age he began doing what many other boys did to make money and sang on the streets.
Louis Armstrong Fact 3: He worked for a Jewish-Lithuanian family who aware he had no father around took him in and fed and cared for him. He soon saw they were treated very badly just for being Jewish.
Louis Armstrong Fact 4: He learnt to play the cornet while was in the New Orleans Home for Colored Waifs.
Louis Armstrong Fact 5: A regular visitor to the home was Professor Peter Davis and not only did he tutor the kids in music but also provided discipline too.
Louis Armstrong Fact 6: He got his first break at a dance hall at Henry Ponce’s where a man called Black Benny took him under his wing and looked out for him.
Louis Armstrong Fact 7: He hung around the old timers and listened to them play, the likes of Buddy Petit, Kid Ory, Bunk Johnson and Joe “King” Oliver who would also mentor him and treat him like a son. He picked up experience playing on riverboats and in brass bands.
Louis Armstrong Fact 8: By the time he was twenty years old he was reading music and adapting pieces of music to suit his own style.
Louis Armstrong Fact 9: By 1922 Chicago was the place to be and Louis joined the throng of people heading that way together with Joe “King” Oliver as a member of his band the Creole Jazz Band.
Louis Armstrong Fact 10: Having taken advice from his wife, he left Oliver’s band and began to expand on his own material and perform solos, he played with Fletcher Henderson’s bank in New York and switched from a cornet to a trumpet and also played classical music in church concerts.
Louis Armstrong Fact 11: Armstrong’s performances began to include telling takes of his home city of New Orleans as well as characters there and singing.
Louis Armstrong Fact 12: Other pudding players tried to outperform him but usually only ended up splitting their lips for trying too hard.
Louis Armstrong Fact 13: Having spent a couple of years in New York his wife urged him to return to Chicago which he realized was the right move to make.
Louis Armstrong Fact 14: He famously re-worked Lazy River to include his own scat singing and trumpet playing.
Louis Armstrong Fact 15: As the Great Depression hit the East Coast the jazz scene that had thrived simply shriveled up and Louis decided to head for the West Coast and Los Angeles. He began playing at the New Cotton Club with their performances being broadcast over the radio and reaching younger audiences.
Louis Armstrong Fact 16: He also began to find himself in trouble, his spending was getting out of hand, he was breaching contracts and he left American and toured Europe. When he returned he hired Joe Glaser to be his new manager and he sorted out Armstrong’s financial affairs, his troubles with the mob and his legal mess.
Louis Armstrong Fact 17: Into the 1940’s a revival for old style jazz meant Armstrong could return to the small group bans of his younger years where he felt comfortable. The group called themselves Louis Armstrong and his All Stars. During this period of his life he made many appearances in over thirty films as well as recording many records.
Louis Armstrong Fact 18: He spent his life touring with his bands virtually right up until just before his death.
Louis Armstrong Fact 19: Louis Armstrong died on July 6th 1971 of a heart attack just one month before his seventieth birthday. He died in New York and his body was laid to rest in Flushing Cemetery in Queens, New York City.
Influence and Legacy: When he died the depth of feeling that could be seen at his passing were in the names of the pallbearers which included Dizzy Gillespie, Pearl Bailey, Bing Crosby, Ella Fitzgerald, Count Basie, Frank Sinatra, Ed Sullivan, Johnny Carson and David Frost. His style is instantly recognizable and he rerecorded some of the most iconic songs of the century including Lazy River and Hello Dolly and his introduction of scat singing into these famous songs.
Short Facts about Louis Armstrong for Kids
The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of this famous character, Louis Armstrong. A fast, simple way to present a short biography of Louis Armstrong with important dates and info that provides details such as the date of birth (birthday), place of birth, education, family, work and career. An ideal educational resource for kids, schools, teachers and social studies.