Louis Mountbatten Fact Sheet: Who was Louis Mountbatten? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Louis Mountbatten.
Louis Mountbatten Fact File: Lifespan: 1900 - 1979 *** Full Name: Louis Francis Albert victor Nicholas Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma *** Nickname: Dickie *** Occupation: British Statesman and Naval Officer *** Date of Birth: Louis Mountbatten was born on June 25th 1900 *** Place of Birth: Louis Mountbatten was born in Windsor, Berkshire, England *** Family background: His father was Prince Louis of Battenberg and his mother was Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine. Through his maternal side he was great grandson to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert and was obviously related to many of the Royal families across Europe *** Early life and childhood: He grew up in Windsor surrounded by a large family, at the time of his birth, Queen Victoria was reigning monarch and he would visit with the Imperial Court of Russia in St Petersburg and became quite close to the fated Russian Imperial Family *** Education: Louis Mountbatten began his education at home until he was ten years of age, he then attended Lockers Park School in Hertfordshire before attending the Royal Naval College in Dartmouth. He would for a short time attend Cambridge University ***
Louis Mountbatten Fact 1: Louis Mountbatten was born on June 25th 1900 at the turn of the 20th century a time of great upheaval across the globe with the collapse of many empires including the Chinese, Holy Roman, Spanish and the First and Second French empires.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 2: Once he had completed his training at the Royal Naval College in Dartmouth he was posted to the battlecruiser HMS Lion as a midshipman in July of 1916. Having been involved in a conflict he would be transferred to HMS Queen Elizabeth where he would witness the closing stages of World War I.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 3: As a result of the conflict with Germany the Royal family decided to change their name to the more English sounding Windsor and dropped all of the German titles. Prince Louis of Battenberg became known as Louis Mountbatten.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 4: His next posting was on HMS Renown and would accompany Edward, Prince of Wales in 1920 on a Royal tour of Australia. At this time he received promotion to lieutenant and would be transferred to HMS Repulse and once again accompanied Edward this time to a Royal tour of India and Japan. He and Edward became very close during that particular trip. His next posting was on the HMS Revenge and part of the Mediterranean Fleet in early 1923.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 5: His promotions gradually mounted up until he was awarded his first command aboard the HMS Daring in 1934. He took the Daring to Singapore and then boarded the HMS Wishart and took her to Malta and then set out to attend the funeral of King George V in 1936.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 6: Louis Mountbatten was appointed as Personal Naval Aide-De-Camp to King Edward VIII in June of 1936.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 7: In May of 1937 having joined the Naval Air Division of the admiralty the previous year he was present for the coronation of King George VI. He also received his Captaincy in June of 1937 and handed command of the HMS Kelly, a destroyer, in June of 1937.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 8: In September of 1939 as war was declared he would become commander of the 5th Destroyer Flotilla on board Kelly. He was responsible for returning the exiled Duke of Windsor from France and in 1940 he was lead in the British convoy that evacuated allied forces that had taken part in the Namsos Campaign during the Norwegian Campaign.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 9: In May of 1940 HMS Kelly was torpedoed by an E-boat and he would continue to lead the Flotilla from HMS Javelin. Kelly would be repaired by during the Battle of Crete in May of 1941 she was sunk by German dive bombers.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 10: By August of 1941 Louis Mountbatten was appointed captain of the HMS Illustrious, an aircraft carrier receiving repairs in Norfolk, Virginia. He took the opportunity, while awaiting the completion of the repairs, to visit Pearl Harbor, where he was disappointed with the lack of readiness he witnessed there.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 11: In October of 1941 he became Chief of Combined Operations and was promoted to commodore.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 12: By 1942 he had become acting vice-admiral which put him directly in charge of organizing and planning The Raid at St Nazaire which basically knocked out of the most heavily defended Nazi-occupied docks in France.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 13: During August of 1943 Winston Churchill appointed him to Supreme Allied Commander South East Asia Command and also promoted him to full admiral.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 14: In 1945 Louis Mountbatten would be in charge of the recapture of Burma from the Japanese. The British returned to the island and proceeded to formally accept surrender of the Japanese forces led by General Itagaki Seishiro on September 12th. The codename for this operation was Operation Tiderace. Once this mission was complete the South East Asia Command was disbanded.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 15: In February of 1947 due to his experience in the region, he Louis Mountbatten was appointed Viceroy of India and was expected to oversee a smooth transition from British India to an independent India no later than the following year.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 16: As diplomatically as was able to he tried to keep India united but against all his efforts, the Muslim leader was adamant on a separate state for his Muslim people, Pakistan. He was not on his own in this belief. Mahatma Gandhi, the India leader, was also in favor of a united India but it was not to be.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 17: Pakistan and India became independent at midnight on 14th – 15th August of 1947, one whole year earlier than originally planned.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 18: Louis Mountbatten became Fourth Sea Lord at the Admiralty in June of 1950 and was present at the funeral of King George VI. Returning to the Mediterranean he served as Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet and NATO Commander Allied Forces Mediterranean and would receive promotion to full Admiral by February 1953 and would attend the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in June of that year.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 19: Louis Mountbatten’s final posting would be in 1956, promoted to Admiral of the Fleet on October 22nd the highest possible rank attainable and one shared by his father.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 20: When Louis Mountbatten finally retired from the Admiralty he became Governor of the Isle of Wight from July 20th of 1965 before he was made Lord Lieutenant of the Isle of Wight which he held until 1974.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 21: Between 1967 and 1978 Louis Mountbatten would become President to the United World Colleges Organization which he would later pass to his nephew, the Prince of Wales.
Louis Mountbatten Fact 22: Louis Mountbatten was assassinated by the IRA on August 27th of 1979. As a member of the Royal Family he was a high target figure and his holiday home in Southern Ireland was a mere 12 miles from the Northern Ireland border frequently used by IRA members. A radio controlled bomb was attached to the unattended boat during the night and was triggered as Louis Mountbatten together with his daughter, his son-in-law, his twin grandsons, his son-in-law’s mother and a young crew member were aboard. Mountbatten and his grandson died on the scene and his son-in-law’s mother died the following day.
Influence and Legacy: Louis Mountbatten took huge pride in encouraging cultural exchanges and promoting understanding. Between his eldest daughter and himself the Mountbatten Institute was created which encouraged young adults to spend time abroad and experience other cultures.
List of Medals and Awards by Louis Mountbatten: *** Knight of the Garter *** Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath *** Member of the Order of Merit *** Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India *** Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire *** Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victoria Order *** Distinguished Service Order *** Mentioned in Despatches *** Privy Counsellor *** Fellow the Royal Society ***
Short Facts about Louis Mountbatten for Kids
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