Malcolm X Fact File: Lifespan: 1925 - 1965 *** Full Name: Malcolm Little *** Nickname: Malcolm X, el Hajj Mailk el Shabazz and Satan (prison nickname) *** Occupation: American Muslim Minister and Human Rights Activist *** Date of Birth: He was born on May 19th 1925 *** Place of Birth: He was born in Omaha, Nebraska, USA *** Family background: His father was Earl Little a Baptist pay preacher and his mother was Louise Helen Norton from Grenada. The couple had seven children *** Early life and childhood: The family moved constantly *** Education: He began his education at West Junior High School
Malcolm X Fact 1: He was born during the 20th century which saw unbelievable changes in the world in science, space travel and innovations.
Malcolm X Fact 2: When he dropped out of school he went to live with his older half-sister in Boston when he fell in with the local low life and began selling drugs.
Malcolm X Fact 3: In 1945 he, together with four others were caught committing a series of burglaries and would be sentenced to ten years in prison served in Charlestown State Prison.
Malcolm X Fact 4: While serving his sentence he became acquainted with John Bembry and never met a man like him, someone who was respected not because of violence but because of education.
Malcolm X Fact 5: He began to read, voraciously, soaking up knowledge like a sponge.
Malcolm X Fact 6: His siblings wrote to him often and frequently spoke of a relatively new religious movement, the Nation of Islam, in particular the return to Africa of descendants of slaves taken from their shores.
Malcolm X Fact 7: On the advice of his brother Reginald, he stopped smoking and refused to eat pork.
Malcolm X Fact 8: With guidance from Elijah Muhammad, the leader of NOI he renounced his past, promised never again to engage in destructive activities and began to pray to Allah. He converted to Nation of Islam.
Malcolm X Fact 9: It would be in 1950 that he changed him name to Malcolm X, the X standing for the name white man had given him.
Malcolm X Fact 10: Once paroled in 1952 he quickly rose in the ranks of the Organization. He had a way with people that no other did and the ranks of the NOI swelled because of him.
Malcolm X Fact 11: He met Betty Sanders in 1955, by 1956 she had joined NOI and changed her name to Betty X and by 1958 they married. Together they had six daughters, the last two were twins born after the father’s death.
Malcolm X Fact 12: Already on the FBI’s watch-list he would be under constant surveillance by the New York City Police Department after an incident where an NOI member was attacked and severely beaten by the police.
Malcolm X Fact 13: In 1960 he was invited to several functions given by United Nations General Assembly and met such people as Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, Kenneth Kaunda of the Zambian African National Congress, Ahmed Secou Toure of Guinea and Fidel Castro of Cuba.
Malcolm X Fact 14: The teachings of the Nation actually promoted racism, segregation, black supremacy and hatemongering towards white people. This was going totally against what the Civil Rights movement was in favor of.
Malcolm X Fact 15: The Civil Rights organization would come out against NOI and Malcolm X as irresponsible extremists.
Malcolm X Fact 16: Between 1962 and 1963 certain events happened that him reconsidering his affiliation with NOI, particularly with regard to its leader Elijah Muhammad. Accusations where made of inappropriate behavior by Elijah that he would establish had been factual.
Malcolm X Fact 17: In early 1964 he broke away from the NOI no longer believing in their teachings as they were and became instead a Sunni Muslim.
Malcolm X Fact 18: In 1964 he made his pilgrimage to Mecca and traveled the globe on his return journey.
Malcolm X Fact 19: As a result of his rejection of NOI they continually threatened his life, even the FBI received a tip that he was going to be murdered.
Malcolm X Fact 20: During an address to the Organization of Afro American Unity in Manhattan’s Audubon Ballroom Malcolm X was assassinated on February 19th 1965. His body was laid to rest in Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York.
Influence & Legacy: Having started from very humble beginnings he is credited with being of great influence on the African American people, in giving them a connection with their African heritages and raising their levels of self-esteem. He would also be responsible the large spread of Islam among the black communities across America.
Important Events of the 20th century and during the life of Malcolm X include: Mussolini dissolves parliament and becomes a dictator, the Great Depression, World War II and the Assassination of John F Kennedy.