So unhappy was she that at only thirty six, with three failed marriages and several lost pregnancies, she felt her only way out was to take her own life, whether deliberate or by accident, the truth of which will never be truly known.
Marilyn Monroe Fact Sheet: Who was Marilyn Monroe? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Marilyn Monroe.
Marilyn Monroe Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1926 Ė 1962 *** Full Name: Norma Jeane Mortenson also known as Marilyn Monroe *** Nickname: The girl with the horizontal walk *** Occupation: American Actress *** Date of Birth: Marilyn Monroe was born on June 1st 1926 *** Place of Birth: Marilyn Monroe was born in Los Angeles County Hospital, Los Angeles, California, USA *** Family background: Her mother Gladys Pearl Monroe. Her mother had been married previously to John Newton Baker and had two children, Robert and Berniece, who when the relationship broke down the two children went with their father back to Kentuky. Marilyn knew nothing of her older siblings for many years. Her motherís second husband was Martin Edward Mortensen and she was only married to him for a short period of time and Marilynís father was not known *** Early life and childhood: She grew up with evangelical foster parents when her mother, unprepared to look after a child, placed her with Albert and Ida Bolender of Hawthorn, California, and although her mother lived with her daughter and foster parents to care for her child, increasingly work issues meant she had to move back to Hollywood. She continued to regularly visit her daughter and was encouraged to have her live with her when she felt able. Eventually her mother bought a house and with lodgers, was able to have Marilyn live with her until 1934 when she suffered a mental breakdown. She was hospitalized and diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia and spent the rest of her life in and out of institutions, rarely having any contact with Marilyn who by then was made a ward of state and taken in by her motherís friend, Grave McKee Goddard *** Education: Marilyn Monroe attended Emerson Junior High School and Van Nuys High School ***
Marilyn Monroe Fact 1: Marilyn Monroe was born on June 1st 1926 and during the 20th century period in history when there were world changing events happening including the First World War, the Second World War, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the Cold War.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 2: Marilynís childhood was a complicated affair. As a child she was shunted from one home to another and suffered abuse at the hands of one of her foster fatherís. That same foster father would be given a transfer from west coast to east coast and to prevent Marilyn from having to re-enter the orphanage system the concocted a plan whereby she married the son of their neighbor James Dougherty.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 3: They were married in June of 1942 shortly after Marilyn turned sixteen years of age. The following year Dougherty joined the Merchant Marine and would eventually be shipped of the Pacific.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 4: She first became interested in modeling when the army arranged for pictures to be taken of the women working in the munitions factory where she worked. She joined a modeling agency and it was at this time that she began to use the name Jean Norman. She also changed her brunette curly hair for the straighter blonde style.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 5: Upon the back of the modeling career she was put forward to an acting agency where she was screen tested by 20th Century-Fox executive, Ben Lyon and although he was not over enthusiastic, she was given a six month contract.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 6: During her contracted time she began taking acting lessons along with singing and dancing lessons. At this time she also picked her official screen name as a mixture of the first name of Marilyn Miller and Broadway star, chosen by Lyon and Monroe which was Marilyn's motherís maiden name.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 7: During 1946 she was granted from her first husband and began to concentrate completely on her acting.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 8: Her first few films were of little importance and garnered her no success at all. She was not given another contract by 20th Century and instead would be contracted to Columbia Pictures, again her contract would not be renewed.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 9: Her fist two successful parts came in the films The Asphalt Jungle and All About Eve in 1950 and this success brought her back into 20th Century Foxís orbit and they gave her a seven year contract.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 10: Working for 20th Century the second time they cast her in comedy roles such as Monkey Business opposite Cary Grant which would see the beginning of her being type cast as the dumb, childish blonde.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 11: It would be around this period that she began to gain a reputation for being difficult on set, demanding retakes, forgetting her lines, often being late if she turned up at all. This period also so the beginning of her drug abuse, taking pills to give her energy, to help her sleep to wake her up. This type of drug taking was not uncommon in the motion picture industry at the time.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 12: In 1953 she made Niagara and Gentlemen Prefer Blondes and these films cast her into the limelight and got her headlines such as ďrising starĒ and listed in the Top Ten Money Making Stars Poll in 1953 as well as 1954.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 13: Her next big break would come as the cover of Hugh Hefnerís first issue of Playboy as well as being a centerfold nude.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 14: By 1954 she was entering into dangerous waters with 20th Century-Fox over her salary as she was being paid very much less that her contemporaries. This, together with her unhappiness at being typecast and unable to take on roles with more substance, she refused to start filming her next project and was suspended in January 1954.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 15: During that year she married American baseball star Joe DiMaggio which was not a popular decision but by March had come to an agreement with the studio and returned to work.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 16: By the end of 1954 she was filming The Seven Year Itch and during filming a scene included her standing in a white dress over a subway grate that suddenly blew air up her skirt lifting and exposing her legs. This picture has become an iconic picture and one of the most legendary scenes in her career.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 17: Her marriage to DiMaggio was relatively short lived and she began divorce proceedings while continuing her relationship with Arthur Miller, a playwright who would become her third husband.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 18: In 1956 she began making The Prince and Showgirl in England at Pinewood Studios. The movie received mixed reviews and upon her return to the U.S. she took eighteen months off work returning to Hollywood in mid-1958.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 19: He next project was Some Like It Hot opposite Tony Curtis and Jack Lemmon. Again it would become one of the films she was notoriously difficult during production it nevertheless received high acclaim on hits release and became a blockbuster earning Monroe a Golden Glove for Best Actress.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 20: After completing Some Like It Hot she again took a break from her work and returned in late 1959 to film Letís Make Love and the film was a flop.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 21: Her last completed film would be Misfits which would also be Clark Gableís last film also. Her marriage was over and the film would not be successful.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 22: After a quick divorce and a failed project for NBC she took some more time off for personal health reasons. Over the years she had suffered several miscarriages and in 1962 she underwent a procedure for endometriosis as well as having her gallbladder removed she was also treated for depression in hospital. During this time, her ex-husband Joe was there to offer support.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 23: Her last film, Somethingís Got to Give went into production in early 1962 and for the first two weeks she was absent, suffering with flu as well as her ongoing drug abuse. In May of that year she famously attended Madison Square Gardens in New York to sing Happy Birthday to President John F Kennedy and it has generally been agreed, although there is no definitive proof that she had an affair with Kennedy, it is thought there was an intimacy between them.
Marilyn Monroe Fact 24: On August 5th 1962 Marilyn Monroe was found on her bed dead at thirty six years of age. It was confirmed that she died from an overdose of drugs and that because of the amounts, being excessively over normal or accidental doses, the doses were consistent with a deliberately excessive amount taken. She was laid to rest Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles, California.
Influence and Legacy: The Smithsonian has included Marilyn Monroe in their list of 100 Most Significant Americans of All Time, the American Film Institute named her the sixth greatest female screen legend in American film history, literally hundreds of books have been written about her and conspiracy theories abound around her life and her relationships.
Short Facts about Marilyn Monroe for Kids
The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of this famous character. A fast, simple way to present a short biography of Marilyn Monroe with important dates and info that provides details such as the date of birth (birthday), place of birth, education, family, work and career. An ideal educational resource for kids, schools, teachers and social studies.