Mary Young Pickersgill Fact Sheet: Sheet:- Who was Mary Young Pickersgill? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Mary Young Pickersgill.
Mary Young Pickersgill Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1776 - 1857 *** Full Name: Mary Young Pickersgill *** Occupation: Seamstress and Flagmaker *** Date of Birth: Mary Young Pickersgill was born on February 12th 1776 *** Place of Birth: Mary Young Pickersgill was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, America *** Family background: Her father was William Young and her mother was Rebecca Flower. Her mother would be widowed when Mary was just two years old and took over the flag shop in Philadelphia where she made flats for the Continental Army *** Early life and childhood: She grew up with five siblings and her mother in Baltimore, Virginia *** Education: Mary Young Pickersgill was educated by her mother and also taught how to sew and learned that art of flag making from her mother ***
Mary Young Pickersgill Fact 1: Mary Young Pickersgill was born on February 12th 1776 and during the 18th century period in history when France and America both went through revolutions and the Industrial Revolution began in Britain.
Mary Young Pickersgill Fact 3: Mary had four children but sadly on one survived through childhood, Caroline.
Mary Young Pickersgill Fact 4: Her husband worked for the United States Government in the British Claims Office and travelled to London. He died while on a trip to London in June 1805 leaving twenty nine year old Mary a single mother and widow. Together with her mother and daughter Caroline, the family moved back to Baltimore.
Mary Young Pickersgill Fact 8: In charge was Major George Armistead and although Fort McHenry was battle ready he felt they were missing a flag.
Mary Young Pickersgill Fact 10: A delegation was sent to see Mary Pickersgill which included Armistad and Smith, General John Sticker and Commodore Joshua Barney who was Mary’s brother-in-law.
Mary Young Pickersgill Fact 11: Two flags were commissioned “one American ensign, 30 x 42 feet, first quality bunting” and another measuring 17 x 25 feet.
Mary Young Pickersgill Fact 12: Such a large undertaking was not possible by herself and so she enlisted the help of family and friends.
Mary Young Pickersgill Fact 16: After the Battle of Baltimore on the daybreak of September the 14th 1814 it was the larger of Pickersgill’s flags that could be seen flying over Fort McHenry.
Mary Young Pickersgill Fact 17: On board a British ship, while the negotiations for a prisoner exchange was taking place, Francis Scott Key viewed the flag and was there inspired to pen the words that would become the United States’ Nation Anthem, The Defense of Fort McHenry”.
Mary Young Pickersgill Fact 18: On the back of her success in completing such a large order and the honor of doing so Mary was able to purchase the house she had rented for her family. She was also able to actively address issues of a social nature such as job placement, housing the financial aid for unfortunately women.
Mary Young Pickersgill Fact 19: She was elected as President of the Impartial Female Humane Society which assisted women in education children as well as finding employment for destitute women. Having already established a home for aged women in time a home for aged men was established beside the women’s home. The two homes would be combined and moved to Maryland in 1959 and by 1962 and an entirely new facility was erected and called the Pickersgill Retirement Community in Mary’s honor.
Influence & Legacy: The flag itself was kept by George Armistad and after his death would be looked after by his widow, Louisa. She faithfully kept the flag for the next four decades of her own life, occasionally allowing it to be displayed. After her death her daughter Caroline took ownership and likewise kept the flag secure until her grandson inherited it and which point he allowed the flag to be exhibited at the Smithsonian. The arrangement would become a permanent one in 1912 and today it is the center piece of the National Museum of American History.
Short Facts about Mary Young Pickersgill for Kids
|Facts About Index|