Michelangelo Fact Sheet: Who was Michelangelo? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Michelangelo, the famous Italian Renaissance Artist.
Michelangelo Fact File: Lifespan: 1475 – 1564 *** Full Name: Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni but was simply known as Michelangelo *** Date of Birth (Birthday): He was born on March 6th 1475 *** Place of Birth: Michelangelo was born in Caprese Tuscany *** Michelangelo grew up and spent the majority of his life in Caprese and Florence *** Education: Michelangelo began his artistic education apprenticed to Ghirlandaio *** Michelangelo died on February 18th, 1564
Michelangelo Fact 1: Date and Place of Birth – He was born on March 6th 1475 in Caprese, Tuscany in Italy.
Michelangelo Fact 2: His father, Ludovico, was an official and local governor of the towns of Caprese and Chiusi. His mother was Francesca di Neri del Miniato di Siena, unfortunately she died when he was only seven years old.
Michelangelo Fact 3: Family – His father, Ludovico di Leonardo Buonarroti Simoni, was an official and local governor of the towns of Caprese and Chiusi and his mother was Francesca di Neri del Miniato di Siena. His mother sadly died when he was just six years of age.
Michelangelo Fact 4: Background and Early Life – Several generations of his family had been bankers in Florence but when it came to his father the banking trade collapsed and he instead took a position with the Government. He was a judicial administrator when Michelangelo was born.
Michelangelo Fact 5: The Buanarroti family, through the artist's grandmother, were distantly related to the powerful Medici family.
Michelangelo Fact 6: At thirteen he was sent off to Florence to the Humanist Francesco da Urbino where he studied grammar. Neglecting his studies he was often found painting in churches.
Michelangelo Fact 7: Work – In 1488 he was apprenticed to Domenico Ghirlandaio, an Italian Renaissance painter from Florence. During his apprenticeship Michelangelo mastered the techniques of fresco painting and of draughtsmanship skills.
Michelangelo Fact 8: Ghirlandaio was well connected and in 1489 was asked by Lorenzo de’Medici, unofficially the ruler of Florence, to provide recommendations of his best two pupils to work on painting frescoes for San Marco, a religious complex in Florence, Italy. Ghirlandaio selected Michelangelo and Francesco Granacci.
Michelangelo Fact 9: The powerful Lorenzo de’Medici, the ruler of Florence, took a shine to Michelangelo who studied the works of famous artists such as Giotto, Masaccio, Verrocchio and Leonardo da Vinci. Whilst under the patronage of Lorenzo de' Medici, 17 year old Michelangelo, created the Battle of the Centaurs in 1492, a remarkable sculpture in marble relief.
Michelangelo Fact 10: Lorenzo de’Medici died and the Medici family were overthrown. Michelangelo moved on to Bologna where he was commissioned to complete the last small figures on the tomb and shrine of St. Dominic (1494–95).
Michelangelo Fact 11: The artist then moved to Rome where he was commissioned by Cardinal Raffaele Riario to create the life-size marble sculpture of Bacchus which he created 1496–1497. The Bacchus led to the commission (1498) for the Pieta, now in St. Peter’s Basilica. Along with the Pieta the Bacchus is one of only two surviving sculptures from the artist's first period in Rome
Michelangelo Fact 12: In 1501 Michelangelo was commissioned to sculpt a huge statue of David for the cathedral of Florence. The marble statue of David was carved in marble and the figure was over 14 feet tall. Michelangelo’s David has become one of the most recognized works of Italian Renaissance sculpture and a symbol of youthful beauty and strength.
Michelangelo Fact 13: The golden ratio is a term used to describe aesthetically pleasing proportioning within a piece of art and relating to the lengths of various body parts. Leonardo Da Vinci
called this ratio the "divine proportion" and featured this in many of his works such as his famous Vitruvian Man and the Mona Lisa. Michelangelo used the golden ratio or the "divine proportion" in his work entitled the Holy family.
Michelangelo Fact 14: In mid career Michelangelo concentrated on large projects in Florence such as the marble Apostles for the Florence Cathedral - but they were never finished.
Michelangelo Fact 15: He then moved to Rome at the request of Pope Julius II who wanted him to create a magnificent tomb. This too, was never finished due to the cost of the project and Michelangelo retruned to Florence.
Michelangelo Fact 16: In 1508 he was onec again summoned to Rome by Pope Julius - this time to work on the painting of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel ((1508–1512).
Michelangelo Fact 17: The Sistine Chapel was extremely important as it was used for great ceremonies such as electing and inaugurating new popes. The walls had already been painted and the ceiling, which is over forty metres long, was considered relatively unimportant.
Michelangelo Fact 18: Michelangelo at first refused the commission, protesting that he was a sculptor, not a painter but Pope Julius insisted he undertook the project.
Michelangelo Fact 19: The Twelve Apostles were to be the central theme of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel but this was vastly extended to depict nine scenes from Genesis including the Creation of the World, three the stories of Adam and Eve, and three the stories of Noah. These were surrounded many other religious figures, a total of 300 figures
Michelangelo Fact 20: The massive project painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel was completed in under four years. Michelangelo did not enjoy the experience working by lamplight from a series of high platforms but nevertheless produced one of the world's greatest masterpieces
Michelangelo Fact 21: Michelangelo was called out of retirement when he was 74 years old so that St. Peter’s Basilica could be completed. It has taken its place in the history of MichaelangelO's life and is an archetectual masterpiece of the Renaissance era
Michelangelo Fact 22: Death – He died on February 18th, 1564 in Rome, Italy.
Michelangelo Fact 23: As a sculptor his most famously fantastic pieces are the Pietà and David both created before his thirtieth birthday. Thereafter, The Last Judgment, scenes from Genesis, on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome would also become synonymous with the name of Michelangelo.
List of Famous Works by Michelangelo: *** The David Statue 1504 *** Sistine Chapel ceiling 1512 *** Pieta 1499 *** The Creation of Adam 1512 *** The Last Judgment 1541 *** Doni Tondo 1506 *** Bacchus 1497 *** Moses 1515 *** Madonna of the Stairs 1492 *** Rondanini Pieta 1564 *** Madonna of Bruges 1504 *** Dying Slave 1516
Short Facts about Michelangelo for Kids
The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of this famous character. A fast, simple way to present a short biography of Michelangelo with important dates and info that provides details such as the date of birth (birthday), place of birth, education, family, work and career. An ideal educational resource for kids, schools, teachers and social studies.