His greatest achievement would be in the founding of St Petersburg itself, a beautiful city full of history and prosperity. Peter the Great, one way or another, ruled over Russia for forty two years.
Peter the Great Fact Sheet: Who was Peter the Great? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Peter the Great.
Peter the Great Fact File Biography: Lifespan: *** Full Name: Peter Alexeyevich *** Nickname: Peter the Great *** Occupation: Emperor of All Russia *** Date of Birth: Peter the Great was born on June 9th 1672 *** Place of Birth: Peter the Great was born in Moscow, Tsardom of Russia *** Family background: His father was Alexis Mikhailovich and the Tsar of Russia and his mother was Natalya Kirillovna Naryshkina of noble birth *** Early life and childhood: He grew up in Russia *** Education: Peter the Greatís education was, on the instructions of his father, carried out by several tutors, Patrick Gordon, Paul Menesius and Nikita Zotov ***
Peter the Great Fact 1: Peter the Great was born on June 9th 1672 and during the 17th century period in history when Europeans began to colonize the Americaís in earnest, the Ming Dynasty began to collapse, in the Near East, the Persian, Ottoman and Mughal empires were on the rise and many innovations were being made in science, medicine, technology and industry.
Peter the Great Fact 2: When Peter was only four years old his father died and the throne went to his older half brother Feodor III although he was a sickly and weak youth, he only ruled for six years and then most of the time Artamon Matveen, a friend of Feodorís, largely ran the government.
Peter the Great Fact 3: When
Feodor died the decision as to who
should take the throne next was
taken by the Boyar Duma which was a
council of noble Russians. Their
decision was that Peter should
become the next Tsar with his mother
Natalya acting as regent.
Peter the Great Fact 8: Although he faced many obstacles and various uprising, which he put down, he put into place social modernizations such as insisting the only style of clothing to be worn was that of western and French, beards were to be removed and taxes imposed on those who refused to comply.
Peter the Great Fact 9: In order to attain his dream of having greater rule of the oceans he needed to acquire further outlets. Although the task was a mammoth one, his first attempt against the Ottoman Sultan failed. He withdrew and gathered larger forces in order to accomplish his dream. His next attempt was successful and he would successfully found the first Russian Navy base in September of 1698.
Peter the Great Fact 10: As part of his plan to modernize his country he traveled Europe incognito and visited various rulers and kings across Europe, speaking to them and taking notes on their building of cities as well as ships and armies.
Peter the Great Fact 11: To
further his Russian Naval dream he
sought a truce with the Ottoman
Empire in order to declare war on
Sweden in a bid to regain control of
the Baltic Sea. Their first attempt
ended in disaster although he did
found the city of Saint Petersburg a
province in the Swedish empire and
which he intended to make it
Russiaís capital city.
Peter the Great Fact 15: Another of his reforms was within the Russiaís ranking system where you were ranked by birth but what Peter instigated was a new order of precedence which became known as the Table of Ranks whereby birth no longer held merit but service to the Emperor did.
Peter the Great Fact 16: To assist with raising money to make further improvements in Saint Petersburg he did away with taxes on land and household and instead introduced a poll tax which unlike previous taxes paid by land and property owners was now paid by paupers and serfs.
Peter the Great Fact 17:
Although he had never had
particularly good health he began
suffering bladder and urinary tract
Short Facts about Peter the Great for Kids
A fast, simple way to present a short biography of Peter the Great with important dates and info that provides details such as the date of birth (birthday), place of birth, education, family, work and career. An ideal educational resource for kids, schools, teachers and social studies.
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