Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Fact Sheet: Who was Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1840 - 1893 *** Full Name: Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky *** Occupation: Russian Composer *** Date of Birth: Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was born on May 7th 1840 *** Place of Birth: Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was born in Votkinsk, Vyatka Governorate, Russian Empire *** Family background: His father was Ilya Petrovich Tchaikovsky and had served as a lieutenant colonel and was an engineer in the Department of Mines and his mother was Alexandra Andreyevna díAssier. She was the second of his fatherís three wives *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with six siblings including his sister Alexandra and Anatoly and Modest his twin brothers. His sisterís family would become the closest thing to a family he would ever have and they were very dear to him *** Education: Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was educated by a French governess, he also had a piano teacher from the age of five. He later attended Imperial School of Jurisprudence in St Petersburg ***
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Fact 1:
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was born on
May 7th 1840 and during the 19th
century period in history when many
empires across the globe collapsed,
the Spanish, first and second
French, Holy Roman, Mughal and
Chinese but the British and Russian
Empires, the United States and
German Empire where on the rise.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Fact 3:
It would be the first time he
attempted to put his feelings to
music and did so in a composition of
a waltz in his motherís memory. In
an attempt to take his mind off of
his suffering, his father insisted
he return to school as soon as
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Fact 8: He attended the Saint Petersburg Conservatory in 1862 and hugely benefitted from his attendance, it would furnish him with the tools to help him thrive as a composer.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Fact 9: He graduated in 1865 and he was offered the position of Professor of Music Theory at the Moscow Conservatory which he gratefully and gladly accepted.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Fact 10: In 1874 The Oprichnik premiered, it was the first of his compositions that survived.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Fact 11:
He met Desiree Artot in 1868 and
fell in love with her. They became
engaged but because Desiree refused
to settle down and give up her
career the pair split. He did marry
nine years later but the marriage
lasted no more than six weeks when
Tchaikovsky moved out. He never
blamed Antoninia Miliukova for their
marriage breakdown but felt it was a
failure only he could shoulder.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Fact 15: As a celebration of Tsar Alexander IIís 25th anniversary of his coronation he was asked to write a piece to be played at the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. The piece, 1812 Overture, became one of his most well-known pieces of work globally.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Fact 16: Having spent most of his life largely keeping to himself by 1884 he was given the award of the Order of St Vladimir by Tsar Alexander III. This honor also included a title of hereditary nobility which went a long way assisting with his social standing and gave him an ideal opportunity to promote Russian music.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Fact 17:
By 1892 he would be voted a member
of the Academie des Beaux-Arts in
France and in England the University
of Cambridge awarded him an honorary
Doctor of Music degree.
Short Facts about Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky for Kids
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