Queen Victoria Fact File: Lifespan: 1819 - 1901 *** Full Name: Alexandrina Victoria *** Nickname: The Widow of Windsor and the Grandmother of Europe *** Occupation: Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Empress of India *** Date of Birth: Queen Victoria was born on May 24th 1819 *** Place of Birth: Queen Victoria was born at Kensington Palace in London *** Family background: Her father was Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn was the fourth son of George III and her mother was Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld *** Early life and childhood: She grew up in Kensington Palace and was chaperoned by her mother almost on a continuous basis, brought up in what was called the Kensington System devised by the Princess’s mother which was set up to completely control Victoria’s surroundings and the people she came into contact with, generally only those her mother or Sir John Conroy permitted *** Education: Queen Victoria began her education with private tutors only and was taught Latin, Italian, French and German but was only allowed to speak English in her home ***
Queen Victoria Fact 1: Queen Victoria was born on May 24th 1819 during the 19th century period in history when huge advances were being made in industrial, science and medical fields.
Queen Victoria Fact 2: Victoria was the only daughter of the fourth son of the reigning King George III and with all those male relatives in line for the thrown before her it was thought highly unlikely that she would ever become Queen.
Queen Victoria Fact 3: However, her two older uncles were separated from their wives, who were both childless and past having children.
Queen Victoria Fact 4: Her other two uncles the Duke of Kent and the Duke of Clarence were both married one year before Victoria’s birth and although the Duke of Clarence had two daughters, both sadly died in infancy.
Queen Victoria Fact 5: In 1820, within a week of each other, Victoria’s father and grandfather both died leaving her only surviving uncle, William IV who would become King and Victoria became heiress presumptive.
Queen Victoria Fact 6: When King William did become king he had no great love for Victoria’s mother, the Duchess and did not trust her and so declared openly that he intended to live until Victoria reached her majority and could become Queen without the need for a regent, he did not want her mother having any rights whatsoever.
Queen Victoria Fact 7: Thus it was that on June 20th 1837 King William IV died and Victoria became Queen of the United Kingdom.
Queen Victoria Fact 8: The year prior to this she met Prince Albert, her mother’s nephew, arranged by her uncle Leopold, her mother’s brother, Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha with whom she had an instant liking.
Queen Victoria Fact 9: Victoria’s coronation took place on June 28th 1838 and she would be the first monarch to live in Buckingham Palace.
Queen Victoria Fact 10: As an unmarried woman, much to her chagrin, she was forced to live with her mother but she banished her mother off to a far part of the palace and took some condolence in avoiding her as much as possible.
Queen Victoria Fact 11: Within a couple of years of her being Queen she proposed to Prince Albert and they were married on February 10th 1840 in the C
Chapel Royal of St James’s Palace in London. She was at this time the happiest she had ever been.
Queen Victoria Fact 12: Having replied heavily on Lord Melbourne for political advice since becoming Queen, Victoria now had someone closer to home that she became to rely on for advice and wise words and someone she could trust unquestionably.
Queen Victoria Fact 13: During her first pregnancy while on a visit to her mother at Belgrave Square where she then resided having been expelled from the Palace, the Royal couple were shot at by Edward Oxford and although he was tried for high treason and was found guilty he would be acquitted on the grounds of insanity.
Queen Victoria Fact 14: Although she was not one to enjoy being pregnant, the couple nevertheless had nine children, Victoria, Albert Edward, Alice, Alfred, Helena, Louise, Arthur, Leopold and Beatrice. All children not only survived infancy but into adulthood.
Queen Victoria Fact 15: There would be five further attempts on her life over the next decade, the first was pronounced insane, the second was sentenced to death, the third sentenced to eighteen months imprisonment and the latter two were sentenced to transportation for seven years.
Queen Victoria Fact 16: During her reign Ireland were devastated by potato blight and in four years it is estimated that over one million people died. A further million had emigrated.
Queen Victoria Fact 17: Her mother Victoria died in March of 1861 and going through her personal belongings it became evident that not only had she loved her daughter dearly it appeared she had been under the influence of Conroy and Lehzen and so had driven a wedge between mother and daughter that although Prince Albert had eased, had never really healed. In her hour of need, Prince Albert stepped up and took control of most of her official duties while she grieved the loss of her mother although he too was feeling quite unwell with abdominal pain.
Queen Victoria Fact 18: Her next loss totally devastated her world, in December of 1861 her beloved Albert died of typhoid fever. Their eldest son, the Prince of Wales, had been philandering and Albert had been to visit with him to try and sort the sordid business out and his mother largely blamed him for his father’s death, sighting the stress that had killed him as much as the fever.
Queen Victoria Fact 19: Her heart, her rock, her Albert was dead and she retired into seclusion as much as she possibly could, so much in fact, she was given the nickname of “widow of Windsor”.
Queen Victoria Fact 20: Close to the tenth anniversary of Albert’s death, Edward, Prince of Wales, also contracted the typhoid fever and was close to death, worrying his mother dreadfully. He did however recover and in gratitude the Queen and Prince both made public appearances together which the public sorely needed. Once again an attempt was made on the Queen’s life and gain a male member of her staff apprehended the scoundrel, he was sentenced to imprisonment for twelve months.
Queen Victoria Fact 21: The Queen’s popularity slowly grew, but in 1884 her youngest son Leopold died in Cannes but her youngest daughter fell in love and would marry Prince Henry of Battenberg.
Queen Victoria Fact 22: In 1887 she celebrated her Golden Jubilee and in 1896 she celebrated her Diamond Jubilee at which point she had surpassed her grandfather as the longest-reigning monarch.
Queen Victoria Fact 23: As had become customary since Albert’s death, Victoria spent Christmas on the Isle of Wight at Osborne House, the house the Albert had designed for them himself. She was feeling tired, he legs painful with rheumatism and her eyesight poor with cataracts. By mid-January she was feeling drowsy, dazed and confused and on Tuesday January the 22nd of 1901 Queen Victoria died at the age of 81.
Influence and Legacy: It would not be until long after her death that the extent of her influence politically became known of to the public. Part of her legacy would involve the House of Commons becoming increasingly more powerful over the House of Lords. It was said that the monarch only retained “the right to be consulted, the right to encourage, and the right to warn” and this is something that future sovereigns have maintained. Victoria also became synonymous with the “family monarchy” something the middle classes identified with and which was solidified.
Short Facts about Queen Victoria for Kids
The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of this famous character. A fast, simple way to present a short biography of Queen Victoria with important dates and info that provides details such as the date of birth (birthday), place of birth, education, family, work and career. An ideal educational resource for kids, schools, teachers and social studies.