Raphael Fact Sheet: Who was Raphael? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Raphael, the famous Italian Renaissance Artist.
Raphael Fact File: Lifespan: 1483 – 1520 *** Full Name: Raffaello Sanzio famously known as Raphael *** Date of Birth (Birthday): He was born in Urbino, Italy *** Family background: His father was the artist Giovanni Santi *** Early life and childhood: Raphael grew up and spent the majority of his life in Urbino, Italy *** Raphael died on April 6th 1520
Raphael Fact 1: Date and Place of Birth – Raphael was born as Raffaello Sanzio on March 28th or April 6th in 1483 in Urbino, Italy.
Raphael Fact 2: Background and Early Life – The Italian town of Urbino Urbino had become a centre of culture during the rule of Duke Federico da Montefeltro, who encouraged the arts and became a powerful patron of Renaissance artists.
Raphael Fact 3: Family – His father was Giovanni Santi, a minor painter to the Duke of Urbino, his mother was called Magia. His father placed him as an apprentice in workshop of the Umbrian master Pietro Perugino.
Raphael Fact 4: His mother died when he was eight years of age and his father died in 1494, leaving him with the ambition to follow in his father's footsteps and become a painter.
Raphael Fact 5: Introduced to the court of the Duke of Urbino by his father Raphael grew up amongst the nobility and learnt their ways and gentile manners. By the time he was 17 years of age he was already displaying an extraordinary artistic talent. His first documented work was the Baronci altarpiece for the church of Saint Nicholas of Tolentino in Città di Castello. He was qualified as a master by 1500.
Raphael Fact 6: Raphael received a glowing recommndation from a member of the Duke's family and in 1504 moved to Florence where he studied the works of Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Fra Bartolomeo and learnt about the styles being created by other Florentine artists
Raphael Fact 7: During this period Raphael, under the influence of Leonardo da Vinci, created a great series of Madonnas including The Madonna of the Goldfinch (c. 1505), the Madonna del Prato (c. 1505), the Esterhazy Madonna (c. 1505–07), and La Belle Jardinière (c.1507). Raphael made particular use of the lighting techniques and the shading he had learnt from the great Master.
Raphael Fact 8: Raphael then began to develop his own particular, extrovert style that reflected serenity, gentleness and his calm disposition
Raphael Fact 9: Raphael was a distant relative of the architect Donato Bramante, whose was engaged in work on St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican City in Rome. Donato Bramante spoke about Raphael to Pope Julius II and in 1508 Rapahael recieved an invitation from the Pope to attend the papal court in Rome.
Raphael Fact 10: Raphael made an immediate, favorable impression on Pope Julius II, possessing great charm, courtly manners, a handsome appearence. The Pope also recognized his great artistic talent and Raphael became so popular in the Papal court that he was called “the prince of painters.”
Raphael Fact 11: Pope Julius II became an influential patron and commissioned the artist to was to paint a series of frescoes in his personal suite of rooms in the Vatican. The suite of rooms were collectively known simply as the “Vatican Rooms”.
Raphael Fact 12: Pope Julius II gave Raphael (1483-1520) complete license to paint his apartments which included the Room of the Segnatura in 1508-1511, the Room of Heliodorus in 1511-1514, the Room of the Fire in the Borgo in 1514-1517 and the Room of Constantine in 1517-1524.
Raphael Fact 13: The decoration of the Stanza della Segnatura was perhaps Raphael’s greatest work. The frescoes on the walls include the 'Disputa', the School of Athens, the Parnassus and the Cardinal Virtues.
Raphael Fact 14: The School of Athens shows Plato and Aristotle surrounded by other great philosophers in a magnificent architectural setting.
Raphael Fact 15: The Disputa, depicts a celestial vision of God, his prophets
and apostles above a gathering of representatives of the Roman Catholic church.
Raphael Fact 16: His time in the Rome showed a marked change in his style of painting as he depicted scenesof great grandeur and elegance. His famous Madonna's included the Alba Madonna (1508), the Madonna di Foligno (1510) and the the Sistine Madonna (1513).
Raphael Fact 17: Raphael became the most important portraitist in Rome and was commissioned by Pope Leo X to design ten large tapestries
to hang on the walls of the Sistine Chapel.
Raphael Fact 18: His work as a great architect was recognized when he designed the church of Sant’ Eligio degli Orefici and in 1514 Pope Leo X chose him to work on the basilica of St. Peter’s alongside Donato Bramante.
Raphael Fact 19: Raffaello Sanzio (Raphael) never married or had any children.
Raphael Fact 20: Death – He died on on his 37th birthday on April 6th 1520 in Rome, Italy. His funeral mass was celebrated at the Vatican and his remains were buried in the Pantheon in Rome.
List of Famous Works by Raphael include: The School of Athens ***
The Sistine Madonna *** Portrait of Pope Julius II *** The Transfiguration *** Madonna of the Pearl
Short Facts about Raphael for Kids
The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of this famous character. A fast, simple way to present a short biography of Raphael with important dates and info that provides details such as the date of birth (birthday), place of birth, education, family, work and career. An ideal educational resource for kids, schools, teachers and social studies.