Saladin Fact Sheet: Who was Saladin? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Saladin.
Saladin Fact File Biography: Lifespan: *** Full Name: ?ala? ad-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub *** Nickname: Saladin *** Occupation: The First Sultan of Egypt and Syria *** Date of Birth: Saladin was born in 1139 *** Place of Birth: Saladin was born in Tikrit, Iraq (Mesopotamia) *** Family background: His father was Najm ad-Din Ayyub and was a warden, he provided ferries for the Amy and gave refuge if necessary but he found himself banished from Tikrit and the same night the family left Tikrit Saladin was born *** Early life and childhood: He grew up amongst his family *** Education: Saladin would have been educated the same as his elders ***
Saladin Fact 1: Saladin was born in 1139 and during the 12th century period in history when the Song dynasty was being established in China and the Muslim World was experiencing a cultural highpoint.
Saladin Fact 8: In September of 1171 Saladin left Cairo to participate in an attack on Kerak and Montreal both desert castles in the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Saladin received reports of trouble back in Cairo and had to return.
Saladin Fact 9: In the summer of 1173 a Nubian army together with Armenian refugees were sighted on the Egyptian border but once reinforcement were in place they retreated. They returned at a later date and were driven back.
Saladin Fact 10: During 1174 Nur ad-Din died leaving his son of eleven years of age in command. Saladin wrote to him of his deepest shock at his father’s death and that he would “act as a sword” for the young ruler against any enemies.
Saladin Fact 11: He would be called upon for assistance by the Syrians and he went immediately with seven hundred hand-picked horsemen. Arriving in Damascus within four days the gates were open to Saladin in surrender and he made himself at home in the Castle.
Saladin Fact 15: In 1182 Saladin continued his conflict with the Crusaders crossing the Jordan River.
Saladin Fact 16: In September of 1191 Saladin was once again in combat with Crusaders this time headed by King Richard at the Battle of Arsuf. The battle did not last long as King Richard retreated to save his men. All of Richard’s attempts to retake Jerusalem failed however a truce was eventually reached I the Treaty of Ramla in 1192.
Influence and Legacy: Saladin would gain the reputation of being a chivalrous knight notwithstanding his victories and his skill as a soldier. Although the Crusaders had devastated Jerusalem when they conquered the city in 1099, when Saladin won back the city he was honorable enough to give safe passage to the defeated Christian soldiers, even though their religious beliefs were profoundly different the Muslim Saladin had respect for the Christian lords in particular Richard and it would appear King Richard reciprocated.
Short Facts about Saladin for Kids
An ideal educational resource for kids, schools, teachers and social studies.
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