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Samuel Coleridge Facts

Samuel Coleridge

Facts about Samuel Coleridge

Biography Summary: Samuel Coleridge (1772 - 1834) was famous for being the creator of the Romantic Movement. A trouble soul, Samuel Coleridge did not really become known to the public until he befriended William Wordsworth and produced Lyrical Ballads together.

Unfortunately he became a victim of opium and as is common his usage increased over the years causing deterioration in his mental abilities and also physically.

His marriage broke down and he became dependent on the Gillman family over the last eighteen years of his life. It is thought he died of heart failure together with a lung disorder that may have been a result of the drug abuse.

Samuel Coleridge Fact Sheet: Who was Samuel Coleridge? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Samuel Coleridge.

Samuel Coleridge Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1772 - 1834 *** Full Name: Samuel Taylor Coleridge *** Occupation: English Poet *** Date of Birth: Samuel Coleridge was born on October 21st 1772 *** Place of Birth: Samuel Coleridge was born in Ottery St Mary, Devonshire, England *** Family background: His father was the Reverend John Coleridge, a highly respected vicar in the parish and he was also the headmaster of Henry VIII’s Free Grammar School. Married twice his second wife was Anne Bowden and Samuel's mother. At the tender age of eight years Samuel's father died which meant he was sent away to school *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with his parents and brothers *** Education: Samuel Coleridge attended Christ’s Hospital, a charity school. He would continue his education at Jesus College, Cambridge but would have brief absence when he used a false name and joined the Royal Dragoons ***

Samuel Coleridge Fact 1: Samuel Coleridge was born on October 21st 1772 and during the 18th century period in history when the French Revolution took place, the Ottoman Empire went in a decline and Great Britain became a main power around the globe.

Samuel Coleridge Fact 2: His brothers managed to extricate him from the Royal Dragoons after several months by pleading his insanity and also managed to have him reinstated in College, although he would not receive his degree.

Samuel Coleridge Fact 3: Some of his early work included The Rime of The Ancient Mariner, Kubla Khan and Christabel. He also wrote This Lime-Tree Bower my Prison, Frost at Midnight and The Nightingale.

Samuel Coleridge Fact 4: In 1795 Samuel met William Wordsworth and developed a close friendship with him, so much so, they worked together on a joint project of volume of poetry, Lyrical Ballads, this tome would be the beginning of what would become the English romantic age.

Samuel Coleridge Fact 5: At one time in his life, Coleridge considered the ministry. Assisting the Reverend Toulmin in his bereavement at the tragic loss of his daughter he wrote a friend “I walked into Taunton (eleven miles) and back again, and performed the divine services for Dr Toulmin. I suppose you must have heard that his daughter (Jane, on 15 April 1798) in a melancholy derangement suffered herself to be swallowed up by the tide on the sea-coast between Sidmouth and Bere. These event cut cruelly into the hearts of old men: but the good Dr Toulmin bears it like the true practical Christian, - there is indeed a tear in his eye, but that eye is lifted up to the Heavenly Father.”

Samuel Coleridge Fact 6: During December of 1797 he had cause to work in Shropshire for a short spell, helping the local Unitarian minister, Dr Rowe. At this time he was strongly considering a career change to that of joining the ministry but by the following year he had received a communication from Josiah Wedgwood II offering him assistance with monetary troubles he was having. Coleridge accepted his assistance although it came with a condition, that being that he gave up any ideas of joining the ministry, to which Coleridge duly accepted.

Samuel Coleridge Fact 7: Coleridge rejoined Wordsworth and together they traveled to Germany where he invested much of his time in university towns and would come to develop an interest in German philosophy, in particular transcendental idealism and critical philosophy of Immanuel Kant and in Gotthold Lessing and his literary criticisms.

Samuel Coleridge Fact 8: Having learnt the German language and upon his return, he translated into English the melodramatic trilogy of Wallenstein by Freidrich Schiller, a German Classical poet.

Samuel Coleridge Fact 9: By 1800 Coleridge had returned to Keswick in the Lake District and settled with his family, as it so happened Wordsworth had also settled nearby.

Samuel Coleridge Fact 10: It would not be long however before cracks began to emerge in his life, his marriage was not a happy one, he was using opium more and more, suffering nightmares and illnesses, he began to lose confidence in his ability as a poet and his relations with Wordsworth was put under a huge strain.

Samuel Coleridge Fact 11: He decided travel to warmer climes might improve his health, so travelled to Sicily and Malta in a professional capacity, however his opium addition increased and began to take his life over.

Samuel Coleridge Fact 12: Back home with his situation so grave and his addiction worsening, he took up residence in the home of his physician, Dr James Gillman. Gillman was in part effective in reducing Coleridge’s use of laudanum but was unable to cure him completely.

Samuel Coleridge Fact 13: Coleridge resided with the Gillman family for the better part of eighteen years and in that time the Gillman’s built an extension onto their home to better accommodate him.

Samuel Coleridge Fact 14: He completed several pieces of work while there, including the Biographia Literaria, an autobiographical work and dissertation on numerous subjects and still composing poetry, some as a result of opiate overdoses.

Samuel Coleridge Fact 15: Other publications included Sibylline Leaves, Hush, Aids to Reflection and On the Constitution of the Church and State.

Samuel Coleridge Fact 16: Samuel Taylor Coleridge died on July 25th, 1834, in London’s Highgate. It was suspected he died as a result of heart failure, further complicated by a lung disorder as a result of his opium addiction may have contributed to his death.

Influence and Legacy: His influence and place in the romantic period is largely undisputed although his later career was spoiled by allegations of plagiarism both in his essays as well as his poetry. He also had a tendency to leave work unfinished.

Samuel Coleridge about Simon Newcomb for Kids:
The above short facts detail interesting information about the life, milestones, history and key events that occurred during the life of this famous character, Samuel Coleridge.

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