Sir John Hawkins Facts
Facts about Sir John Hawkins
Summary: Sir John Hawkins was an exception seaman. He profited from the slave trade but he was also an excellent shipbuilder and without his ability to restructure the English Royal Navy it is quite unlikely that England would have succeeded over the Spanish Armada.
He lived in a time when the slave trade was an extremely lucrative venture and he was able to take full advantage of it for his own profit as well as that of his Queen, Elizabeth I.
His untimely death, believed to have been from a severe case of dysentery as well as the death of his cousin Francis Drake put the English Navy back for many decades but recovery was slow and was aided by the stories retold of the men in their hay day.
Sir John Hawkins Fact Sheet: Who was Sir John Hawkins? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Sir John Hawkins.
Sir John Hawkins Fact File: Lifespan: 1532 – 1595 *** Full Name: Sir John Hawkins *** Occupation: English Naval Commander, Administrator, Navigator, Shipbuilder, Merchant, Slave Trader and Privateer *** Date of Birth: Sir John Hawkins was born in 1532, an exact date is unknown *** Place of Birth: Sir John Hawkins was born in Plymouth, England *** Family background: His father was William Hawkins and his mother was Joan Trelawny. His father was a merchant, sea captain and ship owner. John had an older brother, William. His father as also a intimate friend of King Henry VIII and also one of England’s leading sea captains *** Early life and childhood: He grew up in Plymouth, England *** Education: Sir John Hawkins was a well-educated ***
Sir John Hawkins Fact 1: Sir John Hawkins was born in 1532 and during the 16th century period in history when Spain and Portugal led the world in exploration.
Sir John Hawkins Fact 9: By 1564, as Queen Elizabeth I had taken the thrown, he joined with Her Majesty and leased a huge 700 ton ship, the Jesus of Lubeck and set out on a far more extensive voyage with his second cousin, Francis Drake. They travelled to the West African coast privateering as and when the opportunity arose.
Sir John Hawkins Fact 17: Although Hawkins was better known for his management skills, he was also quite the innovator, and his improvements as a shipwright proved more than useful.
Sir John Hawkins Fact 18: During 1588 Hawkins was given the opportunity to test out his latest innovations with the Royal fleet against the Spanish Armada. As Rear Admiral, and one of the three leading commanders of the English fleet next to Martin Frobisher and Francis Drake, the mission was a success and for his part he was awarded a battlefield knighthood by Effingham, the Lord High Admiral, on behalf of Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth I.
Sir John Hawkins Fact 19: During 1590 between Hawkins and Drake they started a charity to help the elderly and sick mariners, later they founded a hospital too.
Sir John Hawkins Fact 21: Accompanying his cousin Francis Drake on a voyage to the West Indies in search of treasure, they attempted an attack on San Juan, twice in fact, but were unable to breach the defences. However, both men fell sick.
Sir John Hawkins Fact 22: John Hawkins died on November 12th 1595 off of the coast of Puerto Rico and on January 27th of 1560 Drake also died.
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