Stephen Hawking Fact Sheet: Who is Stephen Hawking? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Stephen Hawking, the famous English theoretical physicist.
Stephen Hawking Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1942 – Present *** Full Name: Stephen Hawking was also known as Stephen William Hawking *** Date of Birth (Birthday): He was born on January 8, 1942*** Place of Birth: Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford, England *** Family background: His father was Frank Hawking *** Education: Stephen Hawking began his scientific education at College of Oxford University ***
Stephen Hawking Fact 1: Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford, England on January 8, 1942, exactly 300 years following the death of the famous scientist, Galileo Galilei.
Stephen Hawking Fact 3: His parents were called Frank and Isobel Hawking. They were both former students at the University of Oxford. His father worked at the National Institute for Medical Research where he was head of parasitology. He has two sisters and an adopted brother, their names are Philippa, Mary and Edward.
Stephen Hawking Fact 8: Following a series of tests, Stephen Hawking was given just 2.5 years to live. He was diagnosed with having amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; a condition which causes the nerves that control muscles to shut down. The condition is also known as ALS, motor neurone disease and Lou Gehrig's disease.
Stephen Hawking Fact 9: His health began to deteriorate quickly, he started losing the ability to speak, walk and write. He is a very independent, strong and determined character who wants to be regarded as a scientist and an ambitious human being. During the late 1960s, despite feeling very reluctant, he agreed to use a wheelchair.
Stephen Hawking Fact 10: He met his future wife, Jane Wilde, before he was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The couple met in 1963 at a New Year's party and were very much in love. Jane Wilde stood by Stephen Hawking, she was very supportive and encouraging. They married in 1965 and went on to have three children together called Robert, Lucy and Tim. Their marriage came to an end 30 years later when they divorced in 1995.
Stephen Hawking Fact 11: He remarried in 1995 to one of his nurses, Elaine Mason. Their marriage lasted for approximately 11 years, ending with a divorce in 2006. His first wife, Jane Wilde, released two books about her relationship with Stephen Hawking. The first was published in 1999 under the title 'Music to Move the Stars' and the second was published in 2007 under the title 'Travelling to Infinity: My Life with Stephen'.
Stephen Hawking Fact 15: In 1973, he published his first book called 'The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time'. It was co-written by George Ellis and is based on the theoretical physics of spacetime. The book is highly scientific and technical, it consists of 384 pages and relates to the foundation of space.
Stephen Hawking Fact 17: He published a science book called 'A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes' in 1988. The book was immediately successfully, it achieved worldwide fame and was translated into more than 40 different languages. 'A Brief History of Time' relates to cosmology and provides an overview of the big bang, black holes and light cones as explained and outlined by Stephen Hawking.
Stephen Hawking Fact 18: He has raised concerns about the future of our planet and the importance of exploring space. The following quote by Stephen Hawking reflects upon his views, 'Life on Earth is at the ever-increasing risk of being wiped out by a disaster, such as sudden global warming, nuclear war, a genetically engineered virus or other dangers. I think the human race has no future if it doesn't go into space. I therefore want to encourage public interest in space.'
Influence and Legacy: Stephen Hawking is an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist and author. He has dedicated his life to scientific research and specializes in the fields of general relativity and quantum gravity. He has written several books including a bestseller called ‘A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes’ which achieved worldwide success.
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