Valentina Tereshkova Fact Sheet: Who was Valentina Tereshkova? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of Valentina Tereshkova.
Valentina Tereshkova Fact File Biography: *** Lifespan: 1937 Ė Present *** Full Name: Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova *** Date of Birth: Valentina Tereshkova March 6th 1937 *** Place of Birth: Valentina Tereshkova was born in Bolshoye Maslennikovo, Tutayevsky District, Yaroslavl Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union *** Occupation: Former Russian Cosmonaut *** Date of Death: Valentina Tereshkova is still alive *** Place of Death: Valentina Tereshkova is still alive ***
Valentina Tereshkova Fact 1: Valentina Tereshkova was born on March 5th 1937 in Bolshoye Maslennikovo, Tutayevsky District, Yaroslavl Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union and was destined to become a Russian Cosmonaut.
Valentina Tereshkova Fact 2: Family: She
came from a poor family. Her parents
were both immigrants from Belarus
with her father, Vladimir Tereshkov,
being a tractor driver while her
mother was a worker in a tactile
plant. Her father fought in the
World War II in the Soviet Army and
was Killed in Action, leaving her
mother to struggle to bring up their
three children with Valentina not
even three years old at that point.
Siblings: She grew up with two older
Valentina Tereshkova Fact 9: Valentina Tereshkova, out of over four hundred potential applicants, she would be chosen as one of five. The other applicants chosen were Irina Solovyova, Zhanna Yorkina, Tatyana Kuznetsova and Valentina Ponomaryova.
Valentina Tereshkova Fact 10: Part of the qualifying criteria to be passed was that they had to be parachutists, under the age of thirty years, shorter than five foot seven and weighing less than one hundred and fifty four pounds. What also made her desirable was the fact that he father had been a war hero and also her working class background.
Valentina Tereshkova Fact 11: Her
training would have included
isolation tests, centrifuge tests,
weightless flights, rocket theory
and spacecraft engineering. Pilot
training in MiG-15UTI jet fighters
as well as further parachute jumps
were also required.
Valentina Tereshkova Fact 17: After successfully returning to earth there would not be another woman cosmonaut for nineteen years. She returned to study at the Zhukovsky Air Force Academy where she graduated with a distinction and also earned herself a doctorate in engineering in 1977.
Valentina Tereshkova Fact 18: She would be offered several political positions due to her prominence, between 1974 and 1989 she was a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet and from 1969 to 1991 was in the Central Committee of the Communist Party and she retired from the Russian Air Force in 1997.
Valentina Tereshkova Fact 19: Although she lost her political office when the Soviet Union collapsed in 2011 she would be elected to the State Duma where she continues to work.
Valentina Tereshkova Fact 20: In 1963 she married Andriyan Nikolayev in the presence of Khrushchev and together they had a daughter, Elena who would be the first person to have had both of her parents travel to space. She divorced Nikolayev and remained but her second husband died in 1999.
Influence and Legacy: Valentina Tereshkova would have been the inspiration for many a girl in the Soviet Union to want to join the space program as well as the Soviet Union Armed Forces. Tereshkova has been honored on countless occasions and to this day is still seen as a highly important person in Russian space history and is revered as a Russian hero only surpassed by Yuri Gagarin and Alexey Leonov.
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