William McKinley Fact Sheet: Who was William McKinley? The following short biography and fact sheet provides interesting facts about the life, times and history of William McKinley.
William McKinley Fact File Biography: Lifespan: 1843 - 1901 *** Full Name: William McKinley *** Occupation: American Lawyer, Politician and 25th President of the United States *** Date of Birth: William McKinley was born on January 29th 1843 *** Place of Birth: William McKinley was born in Niles, Ohio, U.S. *** Family background: His father was William McKinley and his mother was Nancy Allison. His parents were both of English and Scottish descent and both sides of the family were from an iron-making background *** Early life and childhood: He grew up with six siblings *** Education: William McKinley was educated by attending an elementary school and secondary school before also attending Allegheny College and also Mount Union College ***
William McKinley Fact 1: William McKinley was born on January 29th 1843 and during the 19th century period in history when great strides were made in the industrial revolution, the Victoria era was coming to a close and there were vast technological advances being made.
William McKinley Fact 2: Although William attend college he was not in a financial position to actually graduate from either college.
William McKinley Fact 3: He first began work as a postal clerk and later he switched career paths for teaching.
William McKinley Fact 4: With the advent of the American Civil War both McKinley and his cousin enlisted as privates in what was the newly formed Poland Guards during June of 1861.
William McKinley Fact 5: He would take part in the Battle of Antietam which would become known as one of the bloodiest battles of the entire war, also the Battle of South Maintain, as well as the Battle of Buffington Island. He served his country well and faithfully throughout his military service but at the end of the war, although he received encouragement to remain, he mustered out and returned home.
William McKinley Fact 6: By 1865 he was to begin studying law and also attended Albany Law School in New York. He would be admitted to the bar in Warren, Ohio, in 1867. He decided to move to Canton and set up his own practice there.
William McKinley Fact 7: His early forays into politics came when his friend Rutherford B. Hayes was nominated for governor and McKinley supported him by making speeches.
William McKinley Fact 8: In 1871 with a career nicely under his belt, a successful thriving practice and also property that was bringing him in an income from rents, he met and married Ida Saxton. Together they had two daughters, Katherine and Ida but sadly baby Ida died in infancy and Katherine died of typhoid fever at barely two years old. Ida could barely cope with the loss of one child let alone two, she would never recover and they had no more children.
William McKinley Fact 9: Although McKinley devoted himself to his wife and although she was delicate in mind and spirit she would still encourage him to pursue his careers in both law and politics.
William McKinley Fact 10: In 1879 he took office as a Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio’s 16th district.
William McKinley Fact 11: The following term he became the Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio’s 17th district and the term after that for the Ohio’s 20th district until 1887.
William McKinley Fact 12: In 1892 he would be elected to the seat of the 39th Governor of Ohio an office he held until 1896.
William McKinley Fact 13: It had apparently never been established that McKinley had any aspirations to become President until he did.
William McKinley Fact 14: William McKinley would be sworn in as President on March 4th 1897 with his wife and mother both present. A strong line in his inauguration speech was on foreign policy “We want no wars of conquest. We must avoid the temptation of territorial aggression.”
William McKinley Fact 15: His first term was seen as a success and so he decided to run for a second term and would also be successful in winning another term as President of the United States.
William McKinley Fact 16: He became a popular President among the African American voters as he was a progressive President inclined towards equality and had been very outspoken against lynching when he was governor.
William McKinley Fact 17: Having won his second term in office after his inauguration he and his wife Ida, decided to tour the country for six weeks. They travelled mainly by train. By the time they reached California Ida became unwell.
William McKinley Fact 18: McKinley was keen to meet the public but it was a difficult time as there had been several assassination in Europe and his security were anxious.
William McKinley Fact 19: On September the 6th 1901 William McKinley was shot twice in the abdomen. Although the wounds were not instantly fatal he was taken to Milburn House where one bullet was located and removed but not the second.
William McKinley Fact 20: During the first few days after the assassination attempt McKinley seemed to improve and member so the government seem placated by what the doctor were saying but what they couldn’t know was that the President was slowly dying of sepsis as a result of gangrene in his stomach.
William McKinley Fact 21: William McKinley died on September 14th 1901. His body laid to rest in Canton, Ohio.
Influence & Legacy: H. Wayne Morgan, McKinley’s biographer wrote of his presidency “McKinley was a major actor in some of the most important events in American history. His decisions shaped future policies and public attitudes. He usually rises in the estimation of scholars who study his life in detail. Even those who disagree with his policies and decisions see him as an active, responsible, informed participant in charge of decision making. His dignified demeanour and subtle operations keep him somewhat remote from public perception. But he is once again at the centre of events, where he started.”